Clashes between British troops and colonial militia at Lexington and Concord, Mass, initiated the American Revolution.
1884Potlatch Ceremony Outlawed
The federal government outlawed the potlatch ceremony of BC's Aboriginal peoples, bowing
to pressure from missionaries.
1909Last Post Fund
Last Post Imperial Naval and Military Contingency Fund was inaugurated to provide an honourable funeral and burial and a granite grave marker for indigent veterans.
1900Birth of Roland Michener
Roland Michener, governor general of Canada, was born at Lacombe, Alta.
1936Birth of Sharon Pollock
Playwright Sharon Pollock, first female artistic director of a major theatre in western Canada, was born at Fredericton.
1904Toronto on Fire
Fire broke out on Wellington Street and spread across downtown Toronto, destroying 98 buildings over 7.7 hectares. Firefighters arrived from as far away as Buffalo, New York.
2001Iqaluit Becomes a City
Iqaluit gains official status as a city
1916Alberta Women Get Vote
Alberta women won the rights to vote and to hold provincial office.
The American Revolution broke out in 1775 and lasted until 1783. American rebel armies invaded Canada and attacked Québec but were ultimately defeated and driven out of Canada. The war resulted in an independent United States, while Canada remained part of the British Empire.
Manitobans elected Progressive Conservative leader Brian Pallister to a majority government, ending nearly 17 years of NDP rule.
2000Ludwig Found Guilty
An Alberta judge found activist Wiebo Ludwig guilty of a 1998 gas-well bombing. Ludwig claimed that the wells were responsible for deadly pollution in the area.
1903Death of Sir Oliver Mowat
Sir Oliver Mowat, one of Canada’s Fathers of Confederation, died in Toronto. Mowat is considered one of Canada’s first political giants and the first great premier of Confederation. Though not a chief architect of Confederation, Mowat mounted a campaign that spanned a quarter-century to help define Canada’s constitution.
1978Canada Joins the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
Canadian peacekeepers commenced their on-the-ground participation in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon. The mission aided in diffusing tensions along the Israel–Lebanon border. Known as Operation Angora in Canada, the Canadian forces were initially involved in establishing and maintaining communication networks for UN troops, and later provided local security.
1907Tom Longboat Wins Marathon
Tom Longboat won the Boston Marathon in record time.