A separate government was established for St John Island, which was not named Prince Edward Island until 1799.
1919Treaty of Versailles Signed
The Treaty of Versailles, the peace settlement imposed on Germany after World War I, was signed near the French capital at Versailles. It took effect on January 10.
1981Death of Terry Fox
Terry Fox died at New Westminster, BC.
1835Birth of Adélard-Joseph Boucher
Publisher Adélard-Joseph Boucher, who published the musical works of his period in Québec, born at Maskinongé, LC
1959Birth of Brad Fraser
Playwright Brad Fraser, who blossomed into an international star with the production of Unidentified Human Remains and the True Nature of Love, was born at Edmonton.
2010Queen Elizabeth Visits Canada
Queen Elizabeth II made her 22nd visit to Canada, visiting 5 cities over 9 days.
1845Fire at Saint-Jean (Que)
Fire struck Saint-Jean, Qué, jumping from house to house and destroying 1300 homes. In total, more than 18 000 people were left homeless.
1982Access to Information Act
The Access to Information Act was passed by the House of Commons. It came into effect in July 1983.
1991BC Treaty Commission Created
Federal, provincial and First Nations representatives agreed to create a treaty commission to co-ordinate treaty negotiations in BC, marking a fundamental change in the provincial government's policy toward First Nations.
1914Franz Ferdinand Assassinated
Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip assassinated Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo, setting off a chain of events leading to the First World War.
1828Death of Miles Macdonell
Miles Macdonell, governor of Assiniboia, died in Pointe-Fortune, Upper Canada. Macdonell was appointed first governor of Assiniboia in 1811, and led the initial party of settlers to the Red River Colony in 1812. His last years were spent in semiretirement on his farm near Osnaburgh, Upper Canada.
2004Bev Oda Elected to Parliament
Bev Oda became the first Japanese Canadian Member of Parliament, when she was elected as the representative for Durham, Ontario.
1609Champlain Explores Iroquois Country
Samuel de Champlain explored Iroquois country, entering the Rivière des Iroquois (Richelieu), paddling upriver and reaching a great lake that would later bear his name.