The largest gold strike of the Cariboo Gold Rush was discovered on Williams Creek in the Cariboo region of BC.
PM Mackenzie King and President Roosevelt held a conference on the defence of North America at Ogdensburg, NY. The Odgensburg Agreement was signed, and the Permanent Joint Board of Defence was created on August 18.
1912Circular No. 17
The Ontario Department of Instruction issued Circular No. 17, which banned the use of French in Ontario schools past Grade 1.
1944Battle of Falaise
The 1st Canadian Army took Falaise after a series of fierce battles.
1774Birth of Jérôme Demers
Priest Jérôme Demers, who published the first Canadian philosophy textbook, was born at St-Nicolas, Qué.
1964Birth of Colin James
Guitarist-songwriter Colin James, who was voted Male Vocalist of the Year in 1995 and 1996, was born at Regina.
1936Union Nationale Victory
The Union Nationale, led by Maurice Duplessis, won the Québec election. Duplessis was sworn in on 26 Aug.
1775First Council at Québec
The first session of the legislative council at Québec convened.
The Home Bank of Montreal failed, the first chartered bank to do so since the Farmer's Bank in 1911.
1960Operation Congo 1960 Ends
Operation Congo 1960 came to an end. The Canadian government initiated the mission after a call for international assistance from the United Nations. At the time, the African nation had an extreme food shortage and transportation crisis. Canadian forces delivered humanitarian aid and evacuated Canadians from the region.
1943Québec War Conference
Churchill and Roosevelt held the 6th Anglo-American War Conference, hosted by Mackenzie King (first Québec Conference) in Québec City.
1862Cariboo Gold Rush
Gold was discovered on Williams Creek in the Cariboo region of British Columbia, touching off the Cariboo Gold Rush.
1896Klondike Gold Rush Begins
George Washington Carmack, Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie discovered gold on Bonanza Creek, a tributary of the Klondike River. During the Klondike Gold Rush from 1897 to 1899 at least 100,000 people stampeded to the gold fields.
1970Erickson Wins Award
The top architectural award at Expo 70 in Osaka, Japan, was given to the Canadian pavilion, designed by Arthur Erickson.
2016Death of Arthur Hiller
Edmonton-born director and producer Arthur Hiller died in Los Angeles, California, at age 92. As a young man, Hiller served as a navigator in the air force during the Second World War, flying bombing raids over Germany. He began his career directing and producing shows for CBC Radio after the war, eventually moving into television and feature films. A successful Hollywood filmmaker best known for the 1970 hit Love Story, Hiller served as president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences as well as the Directors Guild of America. His citation from the Order of Canada, to which he was appointed in 2006, describes him as an influential behind-the-scenes promoter of opportunities for Canadians in the entertainment industry.
1990Canadian Forces Called in at Oka
Québec premier Robert Bourassa asked that the Canadian Forces replace the Sûreté du Québec (SQ) to resolve the Oka Crisis, a standoff by the Mohawk of the Kanesatake Reserve who had set up a blockade to protest the expansion of a golf course across land they claimed. Corporal Marcel Lemay, of the SQ, was killed on July 11 when the SQ stormed the blockade. The standoff ended peaceably 78 days after it began.
1956Forced Relocation of the Sayisi Dene
Concerned that the Sayisi Dene were overhunting caribou around Little Duck Lake in northern Manitoba, the Province successfully petitioned the federal government to relocate the Dene community to the outskirts of Churchill. Despite government promises, the 250 displaced people were left destitute, lacking food, shelter and livelihoods on the tundra, far from their hunting grounds. By 1973, 117 members of the community had died, and survivors were left traumatized by years of extreme hardship. In August 2016, on the 60th anniversary of the forced relocation, Indigenous Affairs minister Carolyn Bennett issued a formal apology to survivors on behalf of the federal government.