The Overlanders, a group of some 150 settlers who travelled from Canada West, reached Fort Edmonton. They crossed the Rockies and travelled on to BC.
1996Coach House Press Closes
The literary publisher Coach House Press of Toronto announced that it would cease operations as a result of cuts by the Conservative government of Mike Harris. It reopened in 1997 with a new focus on electronic editions.
1884Birth of Davidson Black
Anthropologist Davidson Black, whose research on "Peking Man" formed the basis for contemporary knowledge about human evolution, was born at Toronto.
1905Birth of Grace MacInnis
Politician Grace MacInnis, who became a key member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and later the New Democratic Party, was born at Winnipeg.
1990Bloc Québécois Created
The Bloc Québécois was formed by a group of dissident MPs and headed by Lucien Bouchard, it become an official political party the following year.
1960First Ministers Meet
A federal-provincial premiers' conference met to discuss constitutional amendments and tax issues.
1996Potato Fungus Hits Crops
A new strain of the potato fungus responsible for the Irish potato famine of the mid-19th century destroyed potato crops across eastern Canada.
1916Frederick Stanley Arnold is Executed
Canadian bombardier Frederick Stanley Arnold was executed by firing squad after being found guilty of deserting the army. Arnold had suffered a bout of shell shock before deserting. Many soldiers who were found guilty of military crimes (such as desertion) and executed were suffering from shell shock, which we now understand as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
1809Birth of Jonathan McCully
Journalist and lawyer Jonathan McCully was born in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. McCully wrote many newspaper editorials supporting Confederation. He attended all three Confederation Conferences — though he was a last minute replacement at Charlottetown. As a Father of Confederation, he was rewarded with a Senate appointment in 1867.
1814Battle of Lundy's Lane
In one of the bloodiest battles fought on Canadian soil during the war, British troops, fencibles, militia and Grand River warriors (led by John Norton) clashed with Americans near Niagara Falls. There were nearly 900 casualties on each side. The battle ended American advances into Upper Canada as they retreated to Fort Erie.
1883The <i>Marco Polo</i> Runs Aground
The famously fast clipper Marco Polo, which had been launched 32 years earlier from Saint John, NB, ran aground on the coast of Prince Edward Island. Local residents rescued the crew. Among the spectators was a young Lucy Maud Montgomery, who would publish her first newspaper article, “The Wreck of the Marco Polo,” eight years later.
2015First Official Aboriginal Pride Event in Canada
An LGBTQ pride celebration — believed to be the first on-reserve event of its kind in Canada —was held at the Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation in Ontario. Remarks from local leaders including Chief Ava Hill honoured the community's two-spirited people.
2015Death of Robin Phillips
Theatre director Robin Phillips, whose artistic vision and dedication had a profound impact on theatre in Canada, died in Lakeside, ON (near Stratford) at age 73. Phillips immigrated to Canada from the UK to head the Stratford Festival from 1975 to 1980 — a tenure that has been described as revitalizing the institution — and continued to earn acclaim as one of the country's finest stage directors.