French army officer François-Gaston de Lévis, who was probably the most capable officer sent to Canada during the Seven Years' War, was born at Château d'Ajac near Limoux, France.
1957Birth of Cindy Nicholas
Marathon swimmer Cindy Nicholas, who became the first woman to complete a double crossing of the English Channel, taking 10 hours off the previous mark, was born at Toronto.
1999T. Eaton Co Files for Bankruptcy
The T. Eaton Company filed for bankruptcy, terminating all 13 000 employees.
1619British North America's First Enslaved Peoples Arrive at Jamestown
The first shipload of enslaved Africans to reach British North America landed at Jamestown in 1619.
1927MacLean Sworn in as BC's Premier
Liberal leader John Duncan MacLean was sworn in as BC's 20th premier.
2016The Tragically Hip’s Final Concert
Beloved Canadian rockers The Tragically Hip played their final show to a hometown crowd at the K-Rock Centre in Kingston, Ontario. It was the last stop on the band’s Man Machine Poem tour, announced in the wake of frontman Gord Downie’s diagnosis of terminal brain cancer in December 2015. More than 11 million people — nearly a third of the Canada’s population — tuned in to the live CBC broadcast on television, radio and online. Prime MinisterJustin Trudeau was among the audience members present at the “national celebration,” in which the band played from its 30-year catalogue for nearly three hours. (See alsoA Place to Happen.)
1999Falcon Removed From List
The US Department of the Interior removed the peregrine falcon from the list of endangered species. There are now 1650 breeding pairs in North America, up from only 39 in 1970.
2014Istvan Kantor Strikes Again
Governor General Award-winning multi-media artist Istvan Kantor, best known for spattering his own blood on museum walls around the world, sprayed an X shape in blood on the walls of a Jeff Koons retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.
1500 millworkers and longshoremen along the Miramichi River in northern New Brunswick struck at 14 lumber firms for increased wages.
1794Battle of Fallen Timbers
An American force under General Anthony Wayne defeated a force of Shawnee, Ottawa, Chippewa and Potawatomi warriors and some Canadian militia in the Ohio region. After the battle American forces destroyed the First Nations’ fields and villages.
1972Death of Abraham Klein
One of Canada's greatest poets and a leading figure in Jewish-Canadian culture Abraham Moses Klein died at Montréal.
1998Supreme Court Rules on Separation
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Québec could not secede from Canada without first negotiating the terms of secession with the federal government and the other provinces.