Monck, Charles Stanley, 4th Viscount

Charles Stanley Monck, 4th Viscount in the Irish peerage and 1st Baron in the UK peerage, governor general of BNA, 1861-67, governor general of Canada and Prince Edward Island, 1867-68 (b in Templemore, Tipperary, Ire 10 Oct 1819; d at his Irish residence, Charleville, Enniskerry 29 Nov 1894). Monck was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, and then called to the Irish Bar at King's Inn in 1841. An Irish peer from 1849, he represented Portsmouth as a Liberal in the House of Commons and served as a lord of the Treasury. Appointed governor general of BNA in 1861, Monck displayed considerable diplomatic skill in dealing with the serious Canadian-American tensions of the day. A keen advocate of the defence and political consolidation of BNA, Monck was one of the architects of the GREAT COALITION, devised to carry CONFEDERATION, and he worked assiduously to overcome opposition to Confederation in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. As a mark of favour, the British government extended his term so that he might become the first governor general of Canada. RIDEAU HALL was purchased during his term to serve as official viceregal residence. From 1874 to 1892 he served as lord lieutenant of Dublin County, Ireland.