The Heritage Minutes collection is a bilingual Canadian legacy project comprised of 60-second short films, each depicting a significant person, event or story in Canadian history. First produced in 1991, they have been shown on television and in cinemas, and have become a part of Canadian culture.
The Heritage Minutes collection is a bilingual Canadian legacy project comprised of 60-second short films, each depicting a significant person, event or story in Canadian history. First released in 1991, they have been shown on television and in cinemas, and have become a part of Canadian culture.
Creation and History
The first generation of Heritage Minutes were the brainchild of philanthropist Charles Bronfman. Discouraged by a lack of knowledge of Canadian history amongst Canadians, as revealed in a national poll, Bronfman decided to create a series of historically-focused public service announcements. Designed to capture attention in the manner of an advertisement, the Minutes were similar in length to commercials yet structured as dramatic narratives.
Notable Canadian broadcaster Patrick Watson often provided creative direction, scriptwriting and narration to the initial series, which was produced by Robert-Guy Scully under the ownership of the CRB Foundation. The short films were developed in English and French from 1991 through the early 2000s. The first 13 Heritage Minutes were aired on English- and French-language CBC Television on 31 March 1991, in the format of a quiz show (the English broadcast hosted by CBC personality Wayne Rostad) that attempted to educate Canadians on their history with entertaining, dramatic short films.
In 1999 the CRB Foundation created the Historica Foundation of Canada, which renamed the films Historica Minutes: History by the Minute during their ownership period. Historica merged with The Dominion Institute in 2009 to become The Historica-Dominion Institute, bringing with it Historica’s projects including the Heritage Minutes. Since their inception, the Heritage Minutes have received funding from a variety of sources including Canada Post, Power Corporation of Canada, and the Government of Canada.
During their first decade, the Heritage Minutes were regularly broadcast on major Canadian television networks. Due to the cultural and educational content of the Minutes, networks have never received payment for airing them. The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) has historically designated the Minutes as an ongoing dramatic series with 150 per cent dramatic time credit towards networks’ Canadian Content (CanCon) requirements.
For over a decade beginning in 1992, the Heritage Minutes were also screened before feature films in Cineplex Odeon cinemas across the country. During the late 1990s, Universal Studios Home Video Canada included the Minutes in several of their home video releases. To complement the Heritage Minutes, Historica created additional thematic collections called Military Minutes, Screen Legends, Radio Minutes and Footprints, as well as a comic book series, True North Comics, and a collection of books called Just a Minute (1994), a compilation of newspaper columns about Canadian history written by Marsha Boulton, and her follow-up books Just Another Minute (1997) and Just a Minute More (1999).
The Heritage Minutes worked their way into Canadian popular culture to the point where they have been parodied on such Canadian television programs as “This Hour Has 22 Minutes,” “Royal Canadian Air Farce,” “Rock et Belles Oreilles,” and “The Rick Mercer Report.” The Comedy Network also aired short parodies entitled “Sacrilege Moments,” and there have been numerous other spoofs produced by individuals and posted online.
In 2012, The Historica-Dominion Institute commissioned a poll by Ipsos Reid of 3,900 Canadians to determine the most popular Minutes. The top five were: 1) “Jackie Robinson” 2) (tied for first) “Halifax Explosion” 3) “Jennie Trout" 4) “Winnie” and 5) “Laura Secord.”
Second Generation Heritage Minutes
The Historica-Dominion Institute (renamed Historica Canada in September 2013) began to create a new generation of Heritage Minutes in 2012. The first two new Minutes were on the subject of the War of 1812 and were produced by Fifth Town Films. “Richard Pierpoint” (released in October 2012) tells the story of the important Black Loyalist. “Queenston Heights” (released in June 2013) re-enacts the efforts of the Grand River Warriors at the Battle of Queenston Heights. These two Heritage Minutes were funded by the Government of Canada’s War of 1812 Commemoration Fund. They can be viewed online alongside classic Heritage Minutes.
In January 2013, the Department of Canadian Heritage announced funding for two more Heritage Minutes produced by Historica Canada. These Minutes are dedicated to the contributions of two of Canada’s Fathers of Confederation — Sir John A. Macdonald and Sir George-Étienne Cartier — to commemorate the bicentennials of their birth. They were produced by Collider Films and released in January 2014.
Historica Canada has secured funding from the Department of Canadian Heritage to produce two new Minutes each year until 2017, the 150th anniversary of Confederation. A pair of new Minutes about the First World War will be released in fall 2014.
The full list of Heritage Minutes
|Vikings||Sir Sandford Fleming||Pauline Vanier|
|John Cabot||Rural Teacher||Marion Orr|
||Soddie||Maurice “Rocket” Richard|
|Jean Nicollet||Midwife||Jackie Robinson|
|Governor Frontenac||Sam Steele||Avro Arrow|
|Queenston Heights||Valour Road||Le Réseau|
|Hart & Papineau||Winnie||Maurice Ruddick|
|Baldwin & LaFontaine||Nellie McClung||Lucille Teasdale|
|Responsible Government||Halifax Explosion||Marshall McLuhan|
|Underground Railroad||Emily Murphy||
|Joseph Casavant||Grey Owl||Nat Taylor|
|Sir John A. Macdonald||J.S. Woodsworth||Juno Beach|
|Sir George-Étienne Cartier||Maple Leaf Gardens||Mona Parsons|
|The Paris Crew||Superman||Osborn of Hong Kong|
|Saguenay Fire||Myrnam Hospital||Tommy Prince|
||La Bolduc||Home from the Wars|
|Sitting Bull||Inukshuk||Dextraze in the Congo|
|Les Voltigeurs de Québec||Wilder Penfield||Andrew Mynarski|
|Nitro||Agnes Macphail||Vimy Ridge|
|Joseph Tyrrell||Bluenose||Water Pump|
To view all of the Heritage Minutes, visit www.HeritageMinutes.ca
“New Heritage Minute Spotlights First Nations Warriors,” CBC News, June 12, 2013.
“Heritage Minutes Make Return with New Funding, Global News, June 12, 2013.
“Happy Birthday Sir John A: First PM to be Subject of New Heritage Minutes,” Historica-Dominion Institute press release, January 11, 2013.
“New Heritage Minutes Boosted by Old Favourites,” CBC News, October 16, 2012.
“The Heritage Minutes are back! National Poll Measures Top Minutes of All Time, Foretells Next Chapter in Series, as New Minutes Debut,” Historica-Dominion Institute press release, October 15, 2012.
“Harper Government Boosts Tourism by Investing in War of 1812 Commemorations across Canada,” Department of Canadian Heritage press release, March 19, 2012.