Examples of Indigenous Medicines

Plant

Use

Preparation

Indigenous Group

Medicinal Principle

balsam fir
colds inhale vapours many monoterpenes - nasal stimulant

cascara
constipation tea from bark western groups anthracenes - cathartics

gold thread
mouth sores tea from roots Haudenosaunee & others alkaloid - antibacterial

kinnikinnick
kidney ailments tea from branches Syilx (Okanagan) glycoside - diuretic

red oak
diarrhea tea from bark Welastekwewiyik
(
Maliseet)
tannins - astringents

poplar
back pain tea from roots Ojibwa
salicin - analgesic

For more information see the article Health of Indigenous People.