Showing All of 333 results for "Aboriginal Peoples"

Nuxalk (Bella Coola)

The Nuxalk live in an isolated fishing village on the central West Coast of British Columbia. In 1996 their registered population was 1185, with 706 people living on the reserve.


Ookpik [Inuktitut, "snowy" or "Arctic owl"] is the name of one of the most popular of Inuit handicrafts, a souvenir sealskin owl with large head and big eyes.


 In recent years settlement, social and logistic factors have eliminated the nomadic lifestyle in favour of aggregation into permanent settlements which have concentrated around Repulse Bay, Mittimatalik [Pond Inlet], Hall Beach, Arctic Bay and Iglulik, which were formerly centres of trade.

Sahtu Got'ine (Bearlake)

Sahtu Got'ine are Dene-speaking people who live around Great Bear Lake in the NWT. Their trading post and settlement is Déline (formerly Fort Franklin), at the western end of the lake. The Sahtu Got'ine were not considered a distinct people by self-designation or by outsiders until the 20th century.

Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka)

Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) are Aboriginal peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast in Canada.

Northern Georgia Strait Coast Salish

At the time of European contact in the 1790s, the people inhabiting the coast of British Columbia in the northern Strait of Georgia area were the Pentlatch, the Comox and the Sechelt. Their languages are identified by these same names and belong to the Coast Salish division of the Salishan language family.

Siksika (Blackfoot)

The Siksika, also known as Blackfoot, are one of the three nations that make up the Blackfoot Confederacy. As of 2016, the Siksika count approximately 7,320 registered members, many of which live on reserve in Alberta.



Originally the Ahousaht were a small nation on the outer coast of Vargas Island and adjacent Vancouver Island.


The Algonquin are Aboriginal peoples in Canada, whose home communities are located in western Québec and adjacent Ontario, centring on the Ottawa River and its tributaries.

Dane-zaa (Beaver)

Alexander Mackenzie passed through Dane-zaa territory in 1793 and by 1794 the Northwest Company established a fur-trading post near the present town of Fort St. John. Dane-zaa oral history gives a vivid account of early fur trade history.

Innu (Montagnais-Naskapi)

The Innu (sometimes known as either Montagnais or Naskapi) are Aboriginal peoples located in the Subarctic and boreal areas of Québec and Labrador.

Wendake (Huronia)

Early French travellers in the territory occupied by the Huron-Wendat called it le pays des Hurons ("the country of the Huron"), and residents were described as being aux Hurons ("among the Huron"), or in le pays des Hurons.


Igloo, or snowhouse, was a winter dwelling utilized by Inuit across the Arctic.

Dorset Culture

Dorset culture, 500 BC-1500 CE, is known archaeologically from most coastal regions of arctic Canada. The Dorset people were descended from Palaeoeskimos of the Pre-Dorset Culture.

Dakelh (Carrier)

Dakelh are Dene people of over 10 000 in north-central British Columbia.

Mohawk of the St Lawrence Valley

From the late 1660's onwards, several hundred Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) mainly from the Mohawk nation settled in the region of Montréal. Most converted to Catholicism or underwent the process of doing so.

Indigenous People: Subarctic

The term “Subarctic peoples” describes a number of different and unique groups, including the Dene, Cree, Ojibwa, Atikamekw, Innu and Beothuk.

Buffalo Hunt

The buffalo hunt was the means by which Plains and Métis peoples acquired their primary food resource until the collapse of the buffalo, or bison, herds in the 1880s. The hunt was crucial to sustaining the fur trade activity that precipitated and supported European settlement.

Lobster Wars Rock Maritimes

Department of fisheries and oceans officers were waiting as the crew of My Best Yet, an 11-m lobster boat, climbed onto the wharf in Yarmouth, N.S., one afternoon last week. Within minutes, the situation turned ugly. The authorities left the full-blooded Mi'kmaq who owned the boat alone.


Aboriginal TV Launched

Long before the arrival of European visitors, the Cree of northern Saskatchewan used the area's rivers for communication. Travellers carried information by canoe from community to community.


Nisga'a Land Treaty

A mere 111 years after a group of northwestern B.C. natives first asked Ottawa and Victoria for a treaty confirming their title to hundreds of square kilometres of the remote and lovely Nass River valley, their descendants may finally be on the verge of satisfaction.


K'asho Got'ine (Hare)

The K'asho Got'ine are Athapaskan-speaking people whose ancestors lived in small, nomadic bands along the lower Mackenzie River valley of the NWT. The K'asho Got'ine had a precontact population of 700-800.


Gitxsan ("people of the Skeena") live along the Skeena River of northwestern BC in the communities of Hazelton, Kispiox and Glen Vowell (the Eastern Gitksan bands) and Kitwanga, Kitwankool and Kitsegukla (the Western Gitksans).


The Ojibwa (also Ojibwe, Ojibway and Chippewa) are an Aboriginal people in Canada and the United States who are part of a larger cultural group known as the Anishinaabeg.