The 36 men traditionally regarded as the Fathers of Confederation were those who represented British North American colonies at one or more of the conferences that lead to Confederation on 1 July 1867, including the Charlottetown Conference (September 1864), the Québec Conference (October 1864) and the London Conference (1866–67).
Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the dominant creative mind which produced the British North America Act and the union of provinces which became Canada. As the first prime minister of Canada, he oversaw the expansion of the Dominion from sea to sea. His government dominated politics for a half century and set policy goals for future generations of political leaders.
Roland-Michel Barrin de La Galissonière, Marquis de La Galissonière, naval officer, commandant general of New France (b at Rochefort, France 10 Nov 1693; d at Montereau, France 26 Oct 1756). He was born into a powerful family and rose to lieutenant-general of the French naval forces.
Sir James Alexander Lougheed, lawyer, senator (b at Brampton, Canada W Sept 1854; d at Ottawa 2 Nov 1925). He practised law in Toronto and Calgary where he was in partnership with R.B. BENNETT. In 1889 he was appointed to the Senate and was its Conservative leader 1906-21.
Leopold Antonovich Sulerzhitsky (b at Zhitomir 1872; d at Moscow 17 December 1916), a theatre personality in Russia, participated in the settlement of Western Canada by taking charge of the 1898-99 emigration of DOUKHOBORS, in place of the imprisoned leader Peter Vasilevich VERIGIN.
Frederick Charles Alderdice, businessman, politician (b at Belfast, Ire 10 Nov 1872: d at St John's 26 Feb 1936). He was twice prime minister of Newfoundland, August-November 1928 and June 1932-February 1934, and the last person to hold that office before confederation with Canada.
Henry Bathurst, politician, political figure during the reign of George III and British Secretary of State for War and the Colonies during the War of 1812 (b 22 May 1762; d 27 July 1834, London, Eng). Henry Bathurst was educated at Eton College and matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford.