Showing All of 473 results for "Culture"

Miss Canada

The representation of Canada as a sweet but coy young lady was a Victorian convention that was abandoned about the time of WWII. A popular depiction of Miss Canada was in winter garb - wearing skates, an overcoat, a tuque and a sash.

Applied Anthropology

Applied anthropologists use their knowledge of peoples and cultures for practical purposes. They do this framed by anthropological concepts and a methodology - ethnographic fieldwork - that portrays people in their actual circumstances.

Jean-Baptiste de La Brosse

Jean-Baptiste de La Brosse (born at Magnac, France 1724; died at Qué 1782). Jean-Baptiste de La Brosse was a Jesuit missionary in the Saguenay-St Lawrence Gulf region. La Brosse is also a hero of folklore, remembered for having predicted his own death on 11 April 1782.

Order of British Columbia

The Order of British Columbia, the highest award bestowed by the province of British Columbia, was established by statute on 21 April 1989.

Jos Montferrand

Jos Montferrand (b at Montréal 1802; died at Montréal 1864). Jos Montferrand was a French Canadian of legendary strength who lived in the Ottawa-Montréal region in the early 19th century. His exploits are enshrined in the folklore of the region.


Windigo, the spirit believed by the Algonquian to take possession of vulnerable persons.

Warm Winter Holidays

It was a case of divine intervention. For the past five years, Heather Jones and Carolyn Harrisson have attended the 11 o'clock service at Calvary Church in St. Catharines, Ont., with their children and husbands.


Prix Iris

The Prix Iris, formerly known as the Prix Jutra (Jutra Awards), honour distinguished achievement in the Québec film industry. Founded in 1999 as the Prix Jutra, after Québécois filmmaker Claude Jutra, the annual awards ceremony was temporarily renamed the Gala du cinéma québécois in February 2016 following posthumous allegations that Jutra was a pedophile. In October 2016, Québec Cinéma, the organizing body of the awards, announced that a vote open to the public and industry members had determined that Prix Iris would be the new permanent name.

Labrador Archaic

The distinctive tools and weapons of the Labrador Archaic people included narrow spear or dart points with a stemmed base for hafting, flaked stone knives and, in some cases, small scrapers for preparing hides.


Lutin, elf or imp in French Canadian tradition who rides horses throughout the night, leaving them with plaits or knots in their hair, which are very difficult to remove. In some cases, it is believed that only a woman wearing a wedding ring can loosen the knots.

National Order of Québec (Ordre national du Québec)

The National Order of Québec (Ordre national du Québec) was instituted 20 June 1984.

Nobel Prizes

Nobel prizes, endowed by Alfred Nobel (1833–96), the Swedish inventor of dynamite, were created in 1901. Five were awarded annually, one for each of physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, literature and peace, until 1969, when a prize for economics was endowed by the Swedish state bank.

Physical Anthropology

Human biological history is most directly told by the fossil record. Although early hominid remains (fossils in the human line) are not found in the Western Hemisphere, Canadians have contributed significantly to paleontology.

Pictographs and Petroglyphs

Rock art is generally divided in two categories: carving sites (petroglyphs) and paintings sites (pictographs). Pictographs are paintings that were made by applying red ochre or, less commonly, black, white or yellow dye.


Fort Toulouse and Port Toulouse

The village of Port Toulouse and its fort are situated in St. Peter's, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

Contemporary Canadian Printmaking

 In the late 1950s Toronto painter Harold TOWN devoted his energies to lithography, creating exceptional "single autographic prints," unique accretions of various printing techniques, including stencil, linocut and overprinting.

Industrial Design

The major early developments in industrial design occurred in continental Europe, principally England, Germany and Scandinavia.

Interior Design

Interior design is a process for solving the physical and aesthetic needs of people in interior spaces for living, working, personal care, worship or recreation.

Inuit Printmaking

While carving is a viable enterprise in most Inuit communities, printmaking requires special skills and sophisticated equipment to compete in an international market.


There are more than 75 000 charities in Canada. They range in size from low-budget, neighbourhood-centred Meals on Wheels services to national healthcare and educational institutions with budgets of almost $1 billion. The majority of registered charities, some 40%, are places of worship.

Society of St-Vincent de Paul

Society of St-Vincent de Paul, Catholic organization dedicated to works of charity. It was founded in 1833 by Frederic Ozanam, a 20-year-old Sorbonne student in Paris.

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is an archaeological site located on the southern end of the Porcupine Hills in southwest Alberta.

Linear Mounds Archaeological Site

Linear Mounds Site, including the Linear Mounds National Historic Site of Canada, is located on the plain overlooking the Souris River in southwestern Manitoba.

Group of Seven

The Group of Seven was founded in 1920 as an organization of self-proclaimed modern artists. In addition to Tom Thomson, Emily Carr and David Milne, the Group of Seven were the most important Canadian artists of the first decades of the twentieth century.