Baker Lake, Nunavut, incorporated as a hamlet in 1977, population 1872 (2011c), 1728 (2006c). The Hamlet of Baker Lake is situated 160 km east of the treeline at the northwest end of Baker Lake (size 1887 km2), and is approximately at the geographic centre of Canada. It is the only inland Inuit community in Nunavut. Its people, the Caribou Inuit, have evolved a lifestyle dependent on caribou and fish of the interior rather than on the sea mammals that sustain other Inuit groups.
The community developed rapidly after WWII, when it was an advance base for the Canadian Army's "Operation Muskox" snowmobile expedition. In the late 1970s the hamlet made national headlines in a landmark Aboriginal rights court case, when its residents contested the right of companies to mine uranium in the area.
The majority of the Inuit population still subsists on traditional hunting and carving activities. A number of artists are renowned for their printmaking.
See also Inuit Printmaking.