Magistrate

Historically, magistrates were retired police officers, but they are now lawyers appointed by the lieutenant-governor-in-council.

Magistrate

Historically, magistrates were retired police officers, but they are now lawyers appointed by the lieutenant-governor-in-council. Magistrates are known today as provincial court judges; they are judicial officers with summary jurisdiction in both criminal and civil actions, hearing minor indictable offences and those cases where the accused may elect the mode of trial. They may preside over family court or small-claims court, and are ex officio commissioners for oaths.