Champlain wrote the articles of capitulation on July 19 and on the following day surrendered Québec to the English adventurer David Kirke and his brothers. He was captured and taken to England.
1811Birth of Lord Elgin
Governor general of Canada and 8th Earl of Elgin, James Bruce, who commissioned Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine to form the first truly responsible government in Canada, was born at London, Eng.
1661Birth of Pierre Le Moyne
Adventurer Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville et d'Ardillières, who was the first native Canadian to receive the Croix de Saint Louis for valour, was baptized at Ville Marie [Montréal].
Canada and Commonwealth countries signed 12 bilateral trade agreements in Ottawa providing for mutual tariff concessions and certain other commitments.
1942Veterans' Land Act
The Veterans' Land Act made provision for returning veterans to obtain loans in order to buy land.
1872Conservatives Win Second Majority
In the federal election, the Conservatives won a majority with 103 seats to the Liberals' 97; Sir John A. Macdonald remained prime minister.
1854Work Begins on Victoria Bridge
The first stone, from the Kahnawake quarry, was laid on the abutment of the Victoria Bridge, spanning the St Lawrence River at Montreal.
1881Cornwall Appointed BC's Lieutenant-Governor
The Honourable Clement Francis Cornwall was installed as BC's 3rd lieutenant-governor.
1814Burning of Fort St. Joseph
An American expedition to the Upper Great Lakes arrived off St. Joseph Island. A shore party burned the abandoned British fort and the fur traders' storehouses.
1995Largest Libel Award
The Supreme Court of Canada upheld a $1.6 million libel award to Casey Hill, the largest in Canadian history, in his dispute with the Church of Scientology.
1871British Columbia Joins Confederation
British Columbia entered Confederation as the sixth province. The legislature met for the first time after Confederation on 15 February 1872.
1881First National Acadian Convention
The first National Acadian Convention was held in Memramcook, New Brunswick. Chaired by MP Pierre-Amand Landry, the convention drew over 5,000 people and saw the establishment of National Acadian Day on 15 August, Assumption Day.
2005Civil Marriage Act
The Civil Marriage Act received royal assent, legalizing same-sex marriage across Canada. Canada was the fourth nation worldwide to legalize same-sex marriage.
2015First Pan Am Gold Medal in Basketball
The Canadian women's basketball team became the first Canadian team of either gender to win gold in the sport at the Pan American Games in Toronto, beating the United States 81–73.
1996Floods Hit Québec
Devastating floods hit the Charlevoix and Lower North Shore regions of Québec after 277 mm of rain fell in a short time onto already saturated earth. The floods killed 7, left 10 000 homeless and destroyed the area's industry.