Hurricane Beth hit Nova Scotia, dumping 296 mm of rain.
1654Sedgwick Captures Port-Royal
Robert Sedgwick, commander-in-chief of the New England coast, captured Port-Royal.
1812Tecumseh and Brock Capture Fort Detroit
Forces led by Shawnee chief Tecumseh and Major-General Brock secured the surrender of Fort Detroit, solidifying the alliance between the Western Confederacy and Britain. Some 2000 American defenders surrendered.
1812Brock Captures Detroit
Forces led by Shawnee chief Tecumseh and Major-General Brock, including members of the Shawnee, Delaware, Chippewa, Mississauga, Wyandot and Ottawa, secured the surrender of Fort Detroit, thereby solidifying the alliance between the Western Confederacy and Britain.
1979Death of John Diefenbaker
John Diefenbaker died in Ottawa. After his state funeral in Ottawa, his body was transported by train across Canada to a burial site in Saskatoon.
1911Birth of Walter Curtin
Photographer Walter Curtin, who became an outstanding photojournalist, was born at Vienna, Austria.
1892Birth of Harold Foster
Artist and author Harold Foster, who was founder of the adventure comic strip Prince Valiant, was born at Halifax.
1760Battle of the Thousand Islands
Guns crack as the Battle of the Thousand Islands wages from 16 to 25 August 1760. Taking place during the latter half of the Seven Years War, the battle was the last major engagement between British and French forces on Canadian soil.
1933Christie Pits Riot in Toronto
A fierce riot erupted at the end of a softball game in Willowvale Park (now Christie Pits) in Toronto, ON. An example of prevalent anti-Semitism in Toronto at the time, the Swastika Club, a pro-Nazi group, unfurled a large swastika banner at the close of the game, instigating Jewish spectators in the crowd. The city's first and largest ethnically based riot lasted six hours. Though there were injuries, some serious, no lives were lost.
Anik D-1 was launched, replacing the aging Anik A and B satellites. Anik D-1 was the first commercial satellite built by a Canadian prime contractor, Spar Aerospace Limited.
1963United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea
The United Nations asked Canada to participate in its West New Guinea security force. The mission involved maintaining law and order in the Southeast Asian region while West New Guinea transferred from Dutch colonial control to the Indonesian government. Canadian activities included organizing airlifts, passenger transport and food deliveries.
1992Gros-Louis Elected Grand Chief
The Huron-Wendat Nation of Wendake (located near Québec City) elected Jocelyne Gros-Louis as Grand Chief. She was the first woman to be named as the leader of a First Nation in Canada.
2016Derek Drouin Wins Gold at Rio Olympics
High jumper Derek Drouin of Sarnia, Ontario won gold at the Olympic Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He had previously taken home bronze from the 2012 Games in London, England.
1962Death of Mungo Martin
Mungo Martin (Nakapankam), Kwakwaka'wakw artist and one of the best-known carvers on the coast, died at Victoria, BC. He played a major role in preserving Kwakwaka'wakw artistic traditions.
1916Migratory Bird Convention Signed
The Migratory Bird Convention (later the Migratory Bird Treaty) was signed by the United States and Canada to protect bird species threatened by the plumage trade, farmers who saw them as a threat to their crops, and shrinking habitats. The Convention bound the signatories to protect migratory birds from uncontrolled harvesting and destruction. It did not take into account traditional harvesting by Indigenous peoples, and in 1999 the Convention was amended to allow them to subsistence hunt.
1974Cindy Nicholas Breaks Record
Sixteen-year-old Cindy Nicholas, of Toronto, broke the record for fastest swim across Lake Ontario. The crossing took her 15 hours and 10 minutes.
1784New Brunswick Separates
New Brunswick was established as a separate colony from Nova Scotia.