The first Jesuits to arrive in New France, Pierre Biard and Ennemond Massé, arrived at Port-Royal on May 22, 1611.
1820Dalhousie University Cornerstone
The cornerstone of Dalhousie University was laid in Halifax.
1867Proclamation of Confederation
A royal proclamation declared that the Dominion of Canada would come into existence on July 1.
1979Conservatives Form Minority
In a federal election the Conservatives fell short of a majority, winning 136 seats to the Liberals' 114. The NDP won 26 seats and the Social Credit 6. The Conservatives formed a minority government with Joe Clark as PM.
1987Rick Hansen Returns
Rick Hansen arrived back in Vancouver after his Man In Motion world tour in a wheelchair. The trip covered 40 000 km and raised $20 million for spinal cord research.
1974Canada Suspends Nuclear Exports
The Canadian government suspended shipments of all nuclear equipment and materials to India, after India's detonation of a nuclear device.
1851Birth of Gilbert White Ganong
Gilbert White Ganong, confectionery manufacturer, was born at Springfield, NB.
1775Bishop of Québec Orders Loyalty to Britain
As the American Revolution dawned, the Bishop of Québec ordered loyalty to Britain, threatening to excommunicate parishioners who sided with the revolutionaries. At the end of that year, the city was attacked by American forces, who were defeated in the Battle of Québec and who remained unsuccessful in gaining control of the province or rallying much support among the Québec population.
2003LeMay Doan Retires
Catriona LeMay Doan, one of Canada's greatest Olympic athletes, announced that she was retiring from skating. She won two Olympic gold medals (500 metres) and a bronze (1000 metres), won several world championships and set numerous world records.
1970CRTC Introduces Content Rules
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) announced the introduction of 50% Canadian program content requirements for radio and television, effective in September 1970 for the CBC and September 1971 for the private sector.
1868Dominion Police Force Created
Established following the assassination of Thomas D’Arcy McGee, the Dominion Police was created to guard the Parliament Buildings, provide bodyguards for government leaders, and operate an intelligence service — which successfully infiltrated the Fenian Brotherhood. The Dominion Police was active until 1920, when it was absorbed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
1826Red River Flood, 1826
The greatest known flood of the Red River in Manitoba destroyed the Red River Colony. The water crested on May 22, two and a half weeks after the flood began.
1970Vancouver Canucks Join NHL
The Vancouver Canucks joined the NHL.
1838Last Fatal Duel
In Verdun, Qué, lawyer Robert Sweeny shot and killed Maj Henry Warde, who had sent a love letter to Mrs Sweeny, in the last fatal duel recorded in Canada.
1919Nickle Resolution Forbids Honours
The Parliament of Canada passed a resolution preventing Canadian citizens from receiving titles or honours from foreign governments.
1971Ontario Place Opens
Ontario Place opened on the Toronto lakeshore.
1868Act for the regulation of Fishing and protection of Fisheries
The Act was a general policy statement for all of the Dominion of Canada’s ocean and inland waters that included an environment management plan, anti-pollution regulations, a hatchery program, and closed fishing seasons. The Act appointed fisheries officers to enforce it, and set fines and prison terms for violators. The Act defined fishery policy in Canada for most of the late 1800s.
2016Xavier Dolan Wins Grand Prix at Cannes
Montréal-born filmmaker Xavier Dolan received the Cannes Film Festival’s Grand Prix and its Prize of the Ecumenical Jury for his sixth feature film, Juste la fin du monde (It’s Only the End of the World, 2016). It was the first Canadian film to do so since Atom Egoyan’s The Sweet Hereafter (1997). Juste la fin du monde was considered a controversial winner of the Grand Prix, the festival’s second-place award, since it received largely negative reviews from critics.