Canada at the 1924 Olympic Winter Games

The first Olympic Winter Games were held in Chamonix, France, from 25 January to 5 February 1924. Canada sent 12 athletes (11 men, one woman) to the Games, and won the gold medal in ice hockey. The country finished ninth in the overall medal count.

In 1921, despite the reservations of Pierre de Coubertin, founder of the modern Olympic movement, the Olympic Congress voted that the IOC should arrange winter sports competitions in conjunction with the Olympic Games. In 1924, a separate "International Sports Week" was held during the winter in Chamonix, France, in celebration of the Paris Olympic Games later that year. Of the 258 athletes from 16 nations who competed, 245 were men and 13 were women — the only sport open to women at the time was figure skating.

The games were a great success, convincing Pierre de Coubertin that winter sports belonged in the Olympics. During the closing ceremonies, he announced that “winter sports have about them a certain purity, and that is why I was inclined to support and nurture them in this Olympic environment.” The Chamonix competitions were retroactively named the first Olympic Winter Games.

The first Olympic Winter Games gold medal was awarded to Charles Jewtraw of Lake Placid, New York, for the men's 500m speed skating event, while Finnish skater Clas Thunberg won five medals overall in speed skating. Norwegian Thorleif Haug dominated the Nordic skiing competitions, while Norwegian figure skater Sonja Henie made her debut at the age of 11. Although she finished last, she would go on to win gold at the following Winter Games in 1928.

Canada sent 12 athletes to the 1924 games in Chamonix, including figure skater Cecil Smith, the country’s first female Olympian, and her pairs partner Melville Rogers, as well as speed skater Charles Gorman. The nine-man Canadian ice-hockey team, comprising Granite Club players from Toronto, won all five of its matches, outscoring its opponents 110 to 3. The closest contest was the gold-medal game, in which Canada defeated the United States 6–1. Harry Watson was the star of the hockey team, scoring 37 goals.

Toronto Granite Club, Olympic Hockey, 1924
On 8 Feb 1924 the Toronto Granite Club won the first official Olympic gold medal in ice hockey at Chamonix. The ferocity of play was evidenced by injuries sustained by players like Canadian Harry Watson, shown here, who was knocked out cold in the first 20 seconds but went on to score 2 goals later in the game (courtesy IOC Olympic Museum).
Charles Gorman
Charles Gorman, world champion speed skater, circa 1921.
Melville Rogers and Isobel Blythe
Winning pair (Melville Rogers and his wife Isobel [Tish] Blythe) in figure skating competition, University of Ottawa rink, King Edward and Nicholas Street, Ottawa, Ontario, 1927.

Canadian Team: 12 athletes: 11 men, 1 woman

Canada's Rank (Overall Medal Count): 9th (1 gold)


Canadian Medallists at the 1924 Olympic Winter Games

Athletes Event Medal
Granite Club:
Jack Cameron
Ernest Collett
Albert McCaffrey
Harold McMunn
Duncan Munro
W. Beattie Ramsay
Cyril Slater
Reginald Smith
Harry Watson
Ice hockey (men) Gold