Canadian Wildlife Federation, national, nonprofit, nongovernmental conservation organization founded in 1961 and chartered in 1962. CWF was created to promote an understanding of Canada's wildlife resources and ensure that stocks of all species would be preserved for the use and enjoyment of all Canadians. Originally, membership included the 10 provincial wildlife federations; in the early 1970s, individual Canadians were allowed to become direct members.
Resource-action programs range from studying long-term environmental implications of development projects to recommending legislative changes to protect wildlife resources and their habitat (including endangered species and migratory species). The federation conducts public-education campaigns and sponsors research to heighten public awareness.
Schoolteachers receive posters, classroom lessons, manuals, etc, during National Wildlife Week and throughout the year. Resource materials, career guidance, scholarships, awards and financial-assistance information are available for students. The federation has received various awards, including the Ernest Thompson SETON Award of the International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, for outstanding contributions to conservation education in Canada.