First Nations in British Columbia | The Canadian Encyclopedia

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First Nations in British Columbia

There are 203 First Nations in British Columbia. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, First Nations may hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation can live both on and off these reserves. While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Dene Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in British Columbia are part of the Coast Salish, Dakelh, Dene, Haida, Kaska Dena, Ktunaxa, Nisga’a, Nlaka’pamux, Okanagan, Secwepemc, Sekani, Stl’atl’imx, Sto:lo, Tahltan, Tlingit, Tsilhqot’in, Tsimshian and Wet’suwet’en.

Each point on this map represents the location of a First Nation’s administrative office.
(map by The Canadian Encyclopedia, data courtesy Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and licensed under Open Government Licence-Canada)

First Nations in British Columbia

  • ?Akisq'nuk First Nation (Columbia Lake Indian Band)
  • ?aq'am (St. Mary's Indian Band)
  • ?Esdilagh First Nation (Alexandria Indian Band)
  • Adams Lake Indian Band
  • Ahousaht First Nation
  • Aitchelitz First Nation
  • Ashcroft Indian Band
  • Binche Whut’en First Nation
  • Blueberry River First Nations
  • Bonaparte First Nation
  • Boothroyd Indian Band
  • Boston Bar First Nation
  • Canim Lake Band ( Tsq'Escen')
  • Chawathil First Nation
  • Cheam First Nation
  • Cheslatta Carrier Nation
  • Coldwater Indian Band (C’eletkwmx)
  • Cook's Ferry Indian Band
  • Da’naxda’xw/Awaetlala First Nation
  • Daylu Dena Council
  • Dease River First Nation
  • Ditidaht First Nation
  • Doig River First Nation
  • Dzawada’enuxw First Nation
  • Ehattesaht First Nation
  • Esk'etemc First Nation
  • Esquimalt Nation
  • Fort Nelson First Nation
  • Gingolx Village Government (Kincolith)
  • Gitanmaax Band
  • Gitanyow Hereditary Chiefs
  • Gitga'at First Nation
  • Gitlaxt'aamix Village Government (New Aiyansh)
  • Gitsegukla First Nation
  • Gitwangak Band
  • Gitwinksihlkw Village Government
  • Gitxaala Nation
  • Gwa’sala-’Nakwaxda’xw Nations
  • Gwawaenuk Tribe
  • Hagwilget First Nation Government
  • Haisla Nation
  • Halalt First Nation
  • Halfway River First Nation
  • Heiltsuk Nation (Bella Bella Indian Band)
  • Hesquiaht First Nation
  • High Bar First Nation
  • Homalco First Nation
  • Hupacasath First Nation
  • Huu-ay-aht First Nations
  • Iskut First Nation
  • Ka:'yu:'k't'h'/Che:k:tles7et'h' First Nations
  • Kanaka Bar Indian Band (T'eqt''aqtn'mux)
  • Katzie First Nation
  • Kispiox Band
  • Kitasoo/Xai'xais Nation
  • Kitselas Nation
  • Kitsumkalum Band
  • Klahoose First Nation
  • K'ómoks First Nation
  • Kwadacha Nation
  • Kwakiutl Band Council
  • Kwantlen First Nation
  • Kwaw-kwaw-a-pilt First Nation
  • Kwiakah First Nation
  • Kwikwasut’inuxw Haxwa’mis First Nation
  • Kwikwetlem First Nation
  • Lake Babine Nation
  • Lax Kw'alaams Band
  • Laxgalts'ap Village Government
  • Leq'á:mel First Nation
  • Lheidli T'enneh First Nation
  • Lhoosk'uz Dene Nation
  • Lhtako Dene Nation
  • Lil'wat Nation
  • Little Shuswap Lake Band
  • Lower Kootenay Indian Band (Yaqan Nukiy)
  • Lower Nicola Indian Band
  • Lower Similkameen Indian Band
  • Lyackson First Nation
  • Lytton First Nation
  • Malahat Nation
  • Mamalilikulla First Nation
  • Matsqui First Nation
  • McLeod Lake Indian Band
  • Metlakatla First Nation
  • Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nation
  • Musqueam Indian Band
  • N’Quatqua First Nation
  • Nadleh Whut'en First Nation
  • Nak’azdli Whut’en First Nation
  • Namgis First Nation
  • Nanoose First Nation
  • Nazko First Nation
  • Nee Tahi Buhn Band
  • Neskonlith Indian Band
  • Nicomen Indian Band
  • Nooaitch Indian Band
  • N'Quatqua First Nation
  • Nuchatlaht Tribe
  • Nuxalk Nation (Bella Coola Band)
  • Okanagan Indian Band
  • Old Massett Village Council
  • Oregon Jack Creek Band
  • Osoyoos Indian Band
  • Pacheedaht First Nation
  • Pauquachin First Nation
  • Penelakut Tribe
  • Penticton Indian Band
  • Peters First Nation
  • Popkum First Nation
  • Prophet River First Nation
  • Qayqayt First Nation (New Westminster Indian Band)
  • Qualicum First Nation
  • Quatsino First Nation
  • Saik'uz First Nation
  • Samahquam First Nation
  • Saulteau First Nations
  • Sc'ianew First Nation (Beecher Bay First Nation)
  • Seabird Island Band
  • Sekw’el’was (Cayoose Creek Band)
  • Semiahmoo First Nation
  • Shackan Indian Band
  • Shishalh Nation
  • Shuswap First Nation
  • Shxwhá:y Village
  • Shxw'ow'hamel First Nation
  • Sik-E-Dakh (Glen Vowell Band)
  • Simpcw First Nation
  • Siska Indian Band
  • Skatin Nations
  • Skawahlook First Nation
  • Skeetchestn Indian Band
  • Skidegate Band Council
  • Skin Tyee Band
  • Skowkale First Nation
  • Skuppah Indian Band
  • Skwah First Nation
  • Snuneymuxw First Nation
  • Songhees Nation
  • Soowahlie First Nation
  • Splatsin First Nation
  • Spuzzum First Nation
  • Sq'ewlets First Nation
  • Squamish Nation
  • Squiala First Nation
  • Stellat'en First Nation
  • Sts'ailes Nation
  • Stwecem’c Xget’tem First Nation
  • Stz'uminus First Nation (Chemainus First Nation)
  • Sumas First Nation
  • Tahltan Band
  • Takla Nation
  • Taku River Tlingit First Nation
  • T'it'q'et First Nation
  • Tk’emlúps te Secwe̓pemc
  • Tla'amin Nation
  • Tla-o-qui-aht First Nation
  • Tlatlasikwala First Nation
  • Tl'azt'en Nation
  • Tl'esqox First Nation
  • Tl'etinqox-t'in Government (Anaham Indian Band)
  • Tlowitsis Nation
  • Tobacco Plains Indian Band
  • Toquaht Nation
  • Tsalalh First Nation
  • Tsartlip First Nation
  • Tsawout First Nation
  • Tsawwassen First Nation
  • Tsay Keh Dene Nation
  • Tseshaht First Nation
  • Tsetsaut/Skii km Lax Ha Nation
  • Tseycum First Nation
  • Tŝideldel First Nation (Alexis Creek First Nation)
  • Ts'il Kaz Koh (Burns Lake Band)
  • Ts'kw'aylaxw First Nation
  • Tsleil-Waututh Nation
  • T'Sou-ke First Nation
  • Ts'uubaa-asatx Nation (Lake Cowichan First Nation)
  • Tzeachten First Nation
  • Uchucklesaht Tribe
  • Ucluelet First Nation
  • Ulkatcho First Nation
  • Union Bar First Nation
  • Upper Nicola Band
  • Upper Similkameen Indian Band
  • We Wai Kai Nation (Cape Mudge Indian Band)
  • Wei Wai Kum First Nation (Campbell River Indian Band)
  • West Moberly First Nations
  • Westbank First Nation
  • Wet'suwet'en First Nation
  • Whispering Pines/Clinton Indian Band
  • Williams Lake First Nation
  • Witset First Nation
  • Wuikinuxv Nation
  • Xat'sull First Nation (Soda Creek Indian Band)
  • Xaxli'p First Nation
  • Xa'Xtsa Nation (Douglas First Nation)
  • Xeni Gwet'in First Nations Government
  • Xwísten (Bridge River Indian Band)
  • Yakweakwioose First Nation
  • Yale First Nation
  • Yekooche First Nation
  • Yunesit'in Government