First Nations in Manitoba

There are 63 First Nations in Manitoba. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Manitoba). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Cree Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Manitoba are part of the Ininew (Cree), Anishinaabe (Ojibwe), Oji-Cree, Dakota/Lakota (Sioux) or Dene. Manitoba is also a key part of the Métis Nation’s homeland and has a large Métis population.

There are 63 First Nations in Manitoba. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Manitoba). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Cree Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Manitoba are part of the Ininew (Cree), Anishinaabe (Ojibwe), Oji-Cree, Dakota/Lakota (Sioux) or Dene. Manitoba is also a key part of the Métis Nation’s homeland and has a large Métis population.


Each point on this map represents the location of a First Nation’s administrative office. For a map of the reserves these First Nations hold, see Reserves in Manitoba.
(map by The Canadian Encyclopedia, data courtesy Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and licensed under Open Government Licence-Canada)

First Nations in Manitoba

  • Barren Lands First Nation
  • Berens River First Nation
  • Birdtail Sioux Dakota Nation
  • Black River First Nation
  • Bloodvein First Nation
  • Brokenhead Ojibway Nation
  • Buffalo Point First Nation
  • Bunibonibee Cree Nation
  • Canupawakpa Dakota Nation
  • Chemawawin Cree Nation
  • Dakota Plains Wahpeton First Nation
  • Dakota Tipi First Nation
  • Dauphin River First Nation
  • Ebb and Flow First Nation
  • Fisher River Cree Nation
  • Fox Lake Cree Nation
  • Gambler First Nation
  • Garden Hill First Nation
  • God's Lake First Nation
  • Hollow Water First Nation
  • Keeseekoowenin First Nation
  • Kinonjeoshtegon First Nation
  • Lake Manitoba First Nation
  • Lake St. Martin First Nation
  • Little Grand Rapids First Nation
  • Little Saskatchewan First Nation
  • Long Plain First Nation
  • Manto Sipi Cree Nation
  • Marcel Colomb First Nation
  • Mathias Colomb Cree Nation
  • Misipawistik Cree Nation
  • Mosakahiken Cree Nation
  • Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation
  • Northlands Denesuline First Nation
  • Norway House Cree Nation
  • O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation
  • Opaskwayak Cree Nation
  • O-Pipon-Na-Piwin Cree Nation
  • Pauingassi First Nation
  • Peguis First Nation
  • Pimicikamak Cree Nation
  • Pinaymootang First Nation
  • Pine Creek First Nation
  • Poplar River First Nation
  • Red Sucker Lake First Nation
  • Rolling River First Nation
  • Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation
  • Sagkeeng First Nation
  • Sandy Bay Ojibway First Nation
  • Sapotaweyak Cree Nation
  • Sayisi Dene First Nation
  • Shamattawa First Nation
  • Sioux Valley Dakota Nation
  • Skownan First Nation
  • St. Theresa Point First Nation
  • Swan Lake First Nation
  • Tataskweyak Cree Nation
  • Tootinaowaziibeeng Treaty Reserve
  • War Lake First Nation
  • Wasagamack First Nation
  • Waywayseecappo First Nation
  • Wuskwi Sipihk First Nation
  • York Factory First Nation