Franklin Carmichael, painter (born 4 May 1890 in Orillia, ON; died 24 October 1945 in Toronto). A founding member of the Group of Seven,
Education and Early Career
In 1911, Carmichael entered the Ontario College of Art (now the Ontario College of Art and Design University), where he studied with William Cruickshank and George Reid. He also took classes with Gustav Hahn, a German-born muralist and interior decorator who brought Art Nouveau to Canada, at the Toronto Technical School.
In 1911, Carmichael apprenticed with the Toronto commercial-art firm Grip Limited, where he met several artists who later formed the Group of Seven, including Tom Thomson. He joined Thomson and others on weekend sketching trips. He studied in Antwerp, Belgium from 1913 to 1914, but he had to move back to Canada at the onset of the First World War. Sharing studio space with Tom Thomson, he worked as a designer in Toronto. At the same time, he painted watercolours and oils of the northern Ontario landscape. Along with Lawren Harris, A.Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J.E.H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley, he co-founded the Group of Seven in 1920.
Beyond the Group of Seven
With A.J. Casson and F. H. Brigden,