Jack Layton, educator, politician, and federal New Democratic Party leader, was born at Montréal, 18 July 1950. He was the son of Robert Layton, a former prominent Québec Liberal who later became a Conservative MP and cabinet minister. Layton's political career began in activism and local politics and evolved to leadership of the federal New Democratic Party and a breakthrough of his party to Official Opposition. Jack Layton graduated in political science from McGill University with a BA (1970) and York University with an MA (1971) and a PhD (1984). His PhD thesis dealt with globalization. Layton taught at Ryerson Polytechnic, York University and the University of Toronto.Layton's career revealed a strong dose of social activism spanning issues ranging from the white ribbon campaign (seeking to stop violence by men against women), to environmental climate change (championing Toronto's first urban wind turbine and supporting the Kyoto Accord), homelessness and the need for affordable housing, fostering an AIDS urban strategy, and to participating in anti-free trade protests. Along with Olivia Chow, his wife and fellow councillor, Layton served as a Toronto city councillor (1982-1991 and 1994-2003) and was part of a coalition of NDPers and progressives. Layton placed second in the Toronto mayoralty race in 1991 and ran unsuccessfully as a federal NDP candidate for Parliament in 1993 and 1997. He served on the federal board of the Climate Change Protection Programme (1998-2001) and as president of the Canadian Federation of Municipalities (2001-2002).
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- . "Jack Layton". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 16 December 2013, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/jack-layton-feature. Accessed 13 July 2020.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Jack Layton (2013). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/jack-layton-feature
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- "Jack Layton". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published August 21, 2013; Last Edited December 16, 2013. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/jack-layton-feature
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- . The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Jack Layton", Last Edited December 16, 2013, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/jack-layton-feature
Jack Layton, educator, politician, and federal New Democratic Party leader, was born at Montréal, 18 July 1950. He was the son of Robert Layton, a former prominent Québec Liberal who later became a Conservative MP and cabinet minister.