James Layton Ralston, lawyer, politician (b at Amherst, NS 27 Sept 1881; d at Montréal 21 May 1948). A WWI battalion commander with a reputation for bravery and competence, Ralston was twice minister of national defence, 1926-30 and 1940-44. Intense, scrupulously honest, and an able representative of the political interests of the Maritime provinces, he was a stalwart in Prime Minister Mackenzie King's WWII Cabinet, serving briefly as minister of finance, 1939-40, before becoming defence minister. Despite a tendency to become mired in administrative detail, he was a fine judge of generalship and a devoted defender of Canada's fighting men. King forced Ralston's resignation in 1944 because of his outspoken support of overseas conscription.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Hillmer, Norman. "James Layton Ralston". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 28 May 2018, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/james-layton-ralston. Accessed 21 November 2019.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Hillmer, N., James Layton Ralston (2018). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/james-layton-ralston
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Hillmer, Norman, "James Layton Ralston". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published December 02, 2007; Last Edited May 28, 2018. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/james-layton-ralston
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- Hillmer, Norman. The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "James Layton Ralston", Last Edited May 28, 2018, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/james-layton-ralston
James Layton Ralston
|Article by||Norman Hillmer|
|Published Online||December 2, 2007|
|Last Edited||March 4, 2015|