Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual vegetable belonging to the Compositae family. Several species of wild lettuce occur in Canada, including prickly lettuce, a common weed that is a probable parent species of garden lettuce. Native to Asia Minor, lettuce was introduced to Haiti by Christopher Columbus. Of the four major varieties, head lettuce, which is firm and keeps well, is the most widely grown. The other varieties include small, tender-headed Bibb lettuce, long-headed Romaine lettuce and high-quality leaf lettuce. Lettuce thrives in cool climates and is well suited to Canada's organic soils. Being frost resistant, it is usually sown in early spring. Less firm varieties are often grown in greenhouses in autumn. Slugs, aphids and leaf rot are its principal pests. Lettuce provides average food value (head lettuce being the least nutritious) and because of its freshness is a basic salad ingredient. Nearly 70 000 t of leaf lettuce and head lettuce are produced annually in Canada.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Doucet, Roger A.. "Lettuce". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 04 March 2015, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/lettuce. Accessed 22 February 2019.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Doucet, R., Lettuce (2015). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/lettuce
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Doucet, Roger A., "Lettuce". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published March 20, 2013; last modified March 04, 2015. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/lettuce
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- Roger A. Doucet, The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Lettuce", last modified March 04, 2015, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/lettuce
|Article by||Roger A. Doucet|
|Published Online||March 20, 2013|
|Last Edited||March 4, 2015|
Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual vegetable belonging to the Compositae family.
Lettuce bedding plants (courtesy Isis Gagnon-Grenier).