Melville, Sask, incorporated as a city in 1960, population 4517 (2011c), 4149 (2006c). The City of Melville is located 130 km northeast of Regina. Established by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR) in 1907-08, it was named after the president of the GTPR, Sir Charles Melville HAYS, who died aboard the TITANIC.

The community's growth beyond that of others in the area came as a result of its designation as a divisional point by the railway. The importance of the railway has since been balanced somewhat by the city's role as a service centre for the poultry, livestock and grain farmers in the area. There is also a small manufacturing sector. Despite its diminished role as a Canadian National Railway service centre, Melville achieved city status in 1960.

It is noted as a good sports community with stars such as Sid Abel in hockey and Terry Puhl in baseball going on to the major leagues. The Melville Millionaires won the ALLAN CUP in 1914.