Poundmaker, Cree chief (b in central Saskatchewan c 1842; d at Blackfoot Crossing, Alta 4 July 1886). Although he was the son of a Stoney, his mother's brother, Big Child, was a leading chief of the Eagle Hills Cree. In 1873 Poundmaker became influential when he was adopted by Crowfoot, head chief of the Blackfoot. In 1876 he opposed Treaty No 6, but finally accepted it and 2 years later was recognized as a chief. During the North-West Rebellion of 1885, Poundmaker's followers ransacked the abandoned village of Battleford and placed the fort under siege. A short time later, Col W.D. Otter led a military force to "punish" the Aboriginal people, but when they attacked Poundmaker's camp near Cut Knife Hill they were forced to retire under heavy fire. Although Poundmaker had not taken part in the fight, he did prevent the warriors from pursuing the retreating army. At his subsequent trial for treason-felony, Poundmaker protested his innocence but was sentenced to 3 years in prison. After serving only a year he was released, broken in spirit and health, and died a few weeks later while visiting his foster father on the Blackfoot Reserve.