Once the spring timber drive reached the main rivers, the timber was assembled into rafts for transportation to the shipping port. On the OTTAWA, SAINT JOHN and MIRAMICHI rivers, rafts comprised several "cribs" or "joints," each about 20 sticks secured in an ingenious 2-layer wooden frame. On the ST LAWRENCE, "drams," larger frames secured with withes (sapling "ropes") were used. Both types varied greatly in size. On the Saint John, rafts of 12-140 joints came downriver in the 1830s, but the largest were on the St Lawrence and probably contained 2000-2500 tons of timber.
- MLA 8TH EDITION
- Wynn, Graeme. "Raft". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 04 March 2015, Historica Canada. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/raft. Accessed 24 April 2019.
- APA 6TH EDITION
- Wynn, G., Raft (2015). In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/raft
- CHICAGO 17TH EDITION
- Wynn, Graeme, "Raft". In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published March 01, 2006; last modified March 04, 2015. https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/raft
- TURABIAN 8TH EDITION
- Graeme Wynn, The Canadian Encyclopedia, s.v. "Raft", last modified March 04, 2015, https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/raft
|Article by||Graeme Wynn|
|Published Online||March 1, 2006|
|Last Edited||March 4, 2015|
Once the spring timber drive reached the main rivers, the timber was assembled into rafts for transportation to the shipping port.
Ottawa, around 1880. Timber was moved down the Ottawa and on to Quebec City via these rafts (photo by W.J. Topely, courtesy Library and Archives Canada/PA-840). A timber raft on the Ottawa River near Parliament Hill, 1899 (photo by William James Topley, courtesy Library and Archives Canada/PA-144140).\r\n