Toronto Feature: Legislative Assembly of Ontario

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Ontario Legislature Under Construction
Queen's Park, 1891 (courtesy Archives of Ontario/RG 15-74-0-1.2, S 2920).
Ontario Legislature
Between 1909 and 1923 (courtesy Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division).
Ontario Legislature, 2012
The building from the south (photo \u00a9 by James Marsh).

Toronto Feature: Legislative Assembly of Ontario

"Card-Playing Architect Trumps Competition"

This text is from the free Toronto in Time app, which was created by The Canadian Encyclopedia and is available from the App Store and the Google Play store. Visit its companion website, which is linked below, to explore all the features of the app online.

In 1880 an international competition was held to design the new Ontario Legislature Buildings to be located on University of Toronto land in Queen's Park. Toronto has been the capital of first Upper Canada and then Ontario since 1793 and these are the fourth parliament buildings. Thirteen architects entered: 7 Canadians and 6 Americans. The jury of 3 included R.A. Waite, an English architect living in Buffalo, NY. Unhappy with the projected budgets, the province let the project lapse until 1885, when they asked Mr. Waite to decide between the 2 lowest bids.

Waite, who had spent the intervening years ingratiating himself as a poker player with government officials, proclaimed that neither design was suitable and pronounced that he was "the only architect on this continent capable of carrying out such an important work." His bid was even higher and eventually cost twice the amount of his rivals.

The main block of the massive Romanesque Revival structure, with its towering legislative chamber, was completed in 1892. On 4 April 1893, Premier Sir Oliver Mowat opened the first legislative session.

See also Architectural Competitions.


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