One of the oldest and most fundamental sports, it originated in ancient Greece. Modern-day artistic gymnastics developed in Germany in the early 1800s. The first Olympic Gymnasium opened in Montréal in 1843, followed by others in Québec City, Toronto, Hamilton, Ottawa, Halifax and Victoria.
The Brier is one of the most prestigious trophies in Canadian curling. A Dominion championship competition for men's curling was inaugurated in 1927, sponsored by the W.D. Macdonald Company for a trophy known as the Macdonald Brier Tankard. This annual event gave curling a significant impetus.
Sledge hockey is a version of ice hockey played by athletes with a lower extremity disability. Players use a two-bladed sledge as well as sticks with spikes at one end for propulsion and curved blades at the other for shooting. Canada is a world power in the game, and has won medals at all the Paralympic Games except 2002 and 2010.
Although it is not clear when the first bicycle reached Canada, the Toronto Globe of 6 March 1869 reported on the "Grand's Riding Academy," where pupils were instructed in the art of velocipede riding. The first "high wheel" bicycle (also known as the penny-farthing") was imported in 1876 by A.T.