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Lily

Lily, common name for members of genus Lilium of the lily family (Liliaceae).

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Legume

Leguminosae or Fabaceae is the third-largest family of flowering plants, containing up to 650 genera and 18 000 species. Over 4000 species are native to North America, most being members of the bean subfamily, occurring as scattered, secondary components of native vegetation.

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Lobstick

Lobstick (or lopstick) is a tall, conspicuously situated spruce or pine tree with all but its topmost branches stripped or lopped off. This was done by northern Aboriginal people, and later by voyageurs, to turn trees into talismans, landmarks or memorials.

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Lady's Slipper

Lady's Slipper, common name for some members of the orchid family in which modified petals (labella) fold inward to make the toe of the "slipper."

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Ash

Ash (Fraxinus), genus of trees or shrubs of olive family (Oleaceae). About 60 species occur worldwide, primarily in cold temperate regions; 4 are native to Canada.

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Maple Trees in Canada

Maples are trees and shrubs in the genus Acer, previously classified within the maple family Aceraceae, but now placed by some taxonomists in Sapindaceae (Soapberry family), which also includes horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastaneum). There are approximately 150 species of maple around the world, most in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and the majority native to eastern Asia. Ten maple species are native to Canada, perhaps the best known being sugar maple (Acer saccharum) of eastern Canada and the northeastern United States. The Canadian flag displays a stylized maple leaf, and maple is Canada’s official arboreal emblem. Maples are not only important to Canada symbolically, they are also ecologically and economically significant.

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Moss

The sporophyte produces spores that are wind dispersed. Some spores germinate into new gametophyte plants. Gametophyte plants produce sex cells (eggs, sperm) that undergo fertilization to produce another sporophyte.

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Milkweed

Milkweed is the common name for perennial, herbaceous plants of genus Asclepias, family Asclepiadaceae (from Greek physician Asclepius).

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Mistletoe

Mistletoe family, Loranthaceae, includes about 30 genera and over 1000 species. It is predominantly tropical but has members in temperate regions.

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Oak

The Oak (Quercus) is a genus of trees and shrubs of the beech family (Fagaceae). Of the estimated 200 species found worldwide, 75-80 occur in North America and 10 in Canada.

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Mycorrhizae

Associations between PLANT roots and FUNGI are mycorrhizae and are thought to occur on roots of 95% of all SEED PLANTS. They are probably essential to the survival in nature of both partners. The plant derives an enhanced ability to absorb essential minerals and greater resistance to root diseases.

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Morning Glory

The morning glory family, containing 1200 species of herbaceous plants, is represented in Canada by cultivated common morning glory and 3 related species; 11 species of climbing, parasitic dodders; and 5 species of bindweed.

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Phlox

Tall, vibrantly coloured summer-flowering phlox, derived from eastern North American P. paniculata, one of the most popular garden perennials in Canada, is often used for island beds or as border plants.

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Rhododendron

Rhododendron [Gk, "red tree"] is a large genus (700 species) of the heath family (Ericaceae) found in the Northern Hemisphere; 4 species are native to Canada. The genus contains both rhododendrons, usually evergreen, and azaleas, which are deciduous.

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Pine

Most are either "soft" pines with 5 needles per shoot or "hard" pines with 2-3 per shoot. The most familiar soft pines are western white pine (P. monticola) of BC, and eastern white pine (P. strobus), east of Manitoba. Others include limber pine (P. flexilis) and whitebark pine (P.

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Paintbrush

The paintbrush is a herbaceous plant of genus Castilleja , figwort family, Scrophulariaceae. Most are perennial. The common name, Indian paintbrush, is applied to several species. About 200 species occur worldwide, mostly in

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Plant

The shoot system (stem and leaves) grows upward into the light and is the site of photosynthesis; the root system penetrates the soil, anchors the plant and absorbs necessary water and minerals.