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Iceberg

An iceberg is a piece of ice that has become detached from its parent glacier by a process known as calving.

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Hydro-Québec

Hydro-Québec, a provincially owned corporation based in Montréal, is Canada's largest electric utility and, judged by assets ($30.6 billion in 1986), Canada's second largest corporation.

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Igneous Rock

Early formed, dense crystals may separate from the magma, causing a change in the composition of the residual melt.

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Osprey

The osprey (Pandion haliaetus) is a large, cosmopolitan bird of prey characterized by a crested head and contrasting black, white and grey plumage.

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Humane Societies

Humane societies are societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals (SPCA). Following a long struggle by Richard Martin, British landowner and parliamentarian, and others to secure legislation against cruelty to children and livestock, the first SPCA was begun in England in 1824.

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Indian Pipe

Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora), a perennial plant, is the only native species of genus Monotropa found in Canada.

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Invertebrate

Invertebrates are animals without a vertebral column (backbone). As a group, invertebrates are extremely diverse.

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Mountain Ash

Mountain Ash (Sorbus) are a genus of small trees or shrubs of the rose family (Rosaceae), consisting of perhaps 100 species distributed in temperate Eurasia and North America.

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Hawthorn

Hawthorn, small, deciduous tree or shrub of genus Crataegus, family Rosaceae (rose).

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Gull

The gull (Laridae) family consists of long-winged, web-footed birds containing 2 subfamilies: Larinae and Sterninae.

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Grayling

Grayling is the common name for freshwater fishes of class Actinopterygii, family Salmonidae (salmon), subfamily Thymallinae (sometimes elevated to family rank).

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Greenstone

Greenstone, general term for dark green, compact metamorphic rocks formed by the alteration of dark-coloured IGNEOUS ROCKS. Basalt, a common example, is a major component of the greenstone belts of the Canadian SHIELD. These belts contain the Shield's principal GOLD and base-metal mines.

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Groundwater

Groundwater interacts with lakes and rivers as part of the hydrologic cycle. The cycle begins with the formation of clouds through evaporation from the ocean, lakes, rivers, plants and soil.

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Great Auk

The great auk (Pinguinus impennis), the largest and only flightless auk, is extinct.

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Grebe

Grebe is the common name for members of the family Podicipedidae, aquatic birds with almost worldwide distribution.

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Environmental Governance

Environmental governance is a term used to describe how decisions about the ENVIRONMENT are made and who makes such decisions. It is a broad term that includes the formal and informal institutional arrangements for resource and environment decision-making and management.

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Soil Conservation

Soil conservation is a combination of all methods of management and land use that safeguard the soil against depletion or deterioration by natural or human-induced factors.

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Yellow Jacket

Yellow jackets are large WASPS that are closely related to HORNETS. Sometimes the names become confused because the only difference between yellow jackets and hornets is size; yellow jackets are smaller.