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Article

James Ryan

James Ryan, railway machinist, labour leader (born 1840 in County Clare, Ireland; died 17 December 1896 in Hamilton, ON). James Ryan was a machinist and railway engineer for the Great Western Railway and later the Grand Trunk Railway. He was a powerful voice in the Canadian Nine Hour Movement, which fought for a shorter workday. Ryan also helped establish the Canadian Labor Protective and Mutual Improvement Association in 1872, the forerunner of the Canadian Labor Union.

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Princess Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught

Princess Louise Margaret Alexandra Victoria Agnes of Prussia, Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn, vice-regal consort of Canada (1911–16) and philanthropist (born 25 July 1860 in Potsdam, Prussia (now Germany); died 14 March 1917 in London, United Kingdom). The Duchess of Connaught sponsored Red Cross hospitals for the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War.

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Francophones of the Northwest Territories (Franco-Ténois)

The Franco-Ténois are francophones living in the Northwest Territories (NWT), where they represent a minority (4 per cent in Yellowknife and 3 per cent in Hay River) consisting mainly of expatriates:  58 per cent were born in Quebec and 90 per cent outside the NWT. Members of the immigrant population are bilingual, and the children attend school while the adults work mostly in public administration, education, health care and social services.

Article

Helen (Ma) Armstrong

Helen (Ma) Armstrong (née Jury), labour activist, women’s rights activist (born 17 June 1875 in Toronto, Ontario; died 17 April 1947 in Los Angeles, California). Helen Armstrong was a labour activist who fought for the rights of working-class women throughout her life. She was the leader of the Winnipeg Women’s Labor League and a central figure in the 1919 Winnipeg General Strike. She campaigned for unions, a minimum wage and social security, and against conscription. Armstrong was arrested for her activism at least three times, including twice during the Winnipeg General Strike. Historian Esyllt Jones described Helen Armstrong as “the exception in a male-dominated labour movement.”

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Palbinder Kaur Shergill

Palbinder Kaur Shergill, QC, judge of the Supreme Court of British Columbia in New Westminster (born in Rurka Kalan, Punjab, India). Shergill spent 26 years practising law before she was appointed to the Supreme Court of British Columbia. She was the first turbaned Sikh woman to be appointed as a judge in Canada.

Article

Coeur de pirate

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Article

Olive Dickason

Olive Patricia Dickason (née Williamson), CM, Métis journalist, historian, university professor, author (born 6 March 1920 in Winnipeg, MB; died 12 March 2011 in Ottawa, ON). Dickason was the first scholar in Canada to receive a PhD in Indigenous history. Her ground-breaking research and books about Indigenous and Métis history and culture transformed how Canadians perceive the origin of their country and Indigenous peoples. Dickason’s work inspired a new generation of scholars, helping to launch Indigenous studies as an area of scholarly research. She received an Order of Canada in recognition of her achievements.

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Somalia Affair

In 1992–93, Canada contributed military forces to UNITAF, a United Nations–backed humanitarian mission in the African nation of Somalia. In 1993, Canadian soldiers from the now-defunct Airborne Regiment tortured and killed a Somali teenager named Shidane Arone. These and other violent abuses during the mission shocked Canadians and damaged the country’s international reputation. They also led to a public inquiry that revealed serious failures of leadership at the highest levels of the Canadian Armed Forces, kick-starting reforms aimed a professionalizing the officer corps.

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Article

Richard Harrison

Richard Harrison, poet, essayist, editor (born 1957 in Toronto, ON). Richard Harrison is known for his award-winning poetry, particularly his collection On Not Losing My Father’s Ashes in the Flood (2016), which won the Governor General’s Literary Award. He has published six books of poetry and co-authored two collections of essays. His work covers a wide range of topics, including hockey, comic superheroes, language and loss. He teaches creative writing, comics and graphic novels at Mount Royal University in Calgary.

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Romeo Saganash

Romeo Saganash, lawyer, politician, advocate for Indigenous rights (born 28 October 1962 in Waswanipi, a Cree community southeast of James Bay in central Quebec). Saganash is Quebec’s first Indigenous Member of Parliament and the province’s first Cree person to receive an undergraduate law degree. He is believed to be the first Indigenous leader in Canada to run for the leadership of a major political party. For the last 20 years, Saganash has represented the Cree at numerous national and international forums concerning Indigenous issues. He spent 23 years helping to negotiate the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples — a resolution that provides a framework to implement treaty rights between First Peoples and Canada and to fulfill other obligations in international agreements. He has spent his life furthering the economic, environmental, legal and constitutional rights of Indigenous peoples in Canada, particularly the Cree in the James Bay region.

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Quebec City Mosque Shooting

The Quebec City mosque shooting took place in 2017 at the Islamic Cultural Centre of Quebec City, located in the suburb of Sainte-Foy. The gunman, 27-year-old Alexandre Bissonnette, pleaded guilty to six counts of first-degree murder and six counts of attempted murder. It was one of the deadliest mass shootings in Canadian history, described as an act of terrorism by both Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Quebec Premier Philippe Couillard. The event prompted widespread public debate around Islamophobia, racism and the rise of right-wing terrorism in Canada. 

Article

Caro Lamoureux

Caro (Marie Julienne Pauline Caroline) Lamoureux. Soprano, b Montreal 3 Jan 1904, d there 11 Aug 1998. She studied voice with Céline Marier and stage technique with Jeanne Maubourg and Albert Roberval.

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Roland Poulin

Poulin was strongly marked by his early experience of abstract canvases of Paul-Émile Borduas, as well as by the rigorous abstraction of the Plasticiens, particularly Guido Molinari, of the generation before him.

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William Baerg

William Baerg. Choir conductor, educator, b Bassano, southeast of Calgary, 24 Feb 1938; ARCT 1961, BA (Goshen College) 1962, M MUS (Peabody Cons) 1971.

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Véronique Béliveau

Véronique Béliveau (b Nicole Monique). Singer, actress, b Montreal 24 Jan 1955. She began recording at 17 under the name Véronique and made her first tour in Quebec at 18 with René Simard.

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Tim Brady

Timothy Wesley John Brady, "Tim," composer, guitarist (b at Montréal 11 Jul 1956). He studied guitar and composition at the New England Conservatory in Boston and began his career in Toronto in 1980 before returning to Montréal in 1987.

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Canadian String Quartet

Canadian String Quartet. First quartet-in-residence (1961-3) at the University of Toronto, established jointly by the university and the CBC to teach advanced students, coach string groups, and give concerts.