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Raymond Ringuette

Raymond Ringuette. Educator, b Asbestos, Que, 21 Aug 1943; BA (Sherbrooke) 1966, B TH (Sherbrooke) 1970, B MUS ED (Laval) 1973, B MUS rhythmics (Laval) 1974, BES 1975, M MUS (Laval) 1976, D MUS ED (Illinois) 1980.


Mariana Paunova

Mariana Paunova. Contralto, pianist, b Kapinovo, Bulgaria, 13 Jun 1951, naturalized Canadian 1975, d Port Jefferson, New York, 27 Jul 2002; diploma (State Music School, Sofia, Bulgaria) 1967, M MUS piano (Conservatorio Santa Cecilia, Rome) 1970, lauréat (Académie de musique du Québec) 1971.


Marthe Létourneau

Marthe Létourneau, soprano, teacher (born 27 June 1916 in Quebec City, QC; died 10 December 1998). Létourneau appeared as soloist with the MSO and the Quebec Symphony Orchestra and taught voice 1940-2 at Sherbrooke's Mont Notre-Dame, 1960-2 at the École Vincent-d'Indy, 1960-6 at the Institut Nazareth, 1962-3 at the Institut pédagogique de Montréal, and 1960-6 at the Grey Nuns' School in Hull. She also taught at Laval University 1966-84 and was a member of a vocal quartet there 1972-4.


Dan George

Dan George, OC, Tsleil-Waututh actor, poet, public speaker (born 24 July 1899 on the Burrard Indian Reserve No. 3 in BC; died 23 September 1981 in North Vancouver, BC). By his film roles and personal appearances, Dan George helped improve the popular image of Indigenous people, often represented in stereotypical ways.


Women on Canadian Banknotes

Though Queen Elizabeth II has appeared on the $20 bill since she was eight years old, identifiable Canadian women have only appeared on a Canadian banknote once. In 2004, the statue of the Famous Five from Parliament Hill and Olympic Plaza in Calgary, and the medal for the Thérèse Casgrain Volunteer Award were featured on the back of the $50 note. They were the first Canadian women to appear on our currency. However, in 2011, they were replaced by an icebreaker named for a man (see Roald Amundsen). The new bill was part of a series of notes meant to highlight technical innovation and achievement, but the change sparked controversy. Other than the image of a nameless female scientist on the $100 note issued in 2011, and two female Canadian Forces officers and a young girl on the $10 bill issued in 2001, Canadian women were absent from Canadian bills.

On 8 March 2016, International Women’s Day, the Bank of Canada launched a public consultation to choose an iconic Canadian woman who would be featured on a banknote, released in the next series of bills in 2018. More than 26,000 submissions poured in. Of those, 461 names met the qualifying criteria, and the list was pared down to a long list of 12 and finally a short list of five. The final selection will be announced on 8 December 2016.

But how did we get here?


Michael Matthews

Matthews, Michael (Bass). Composer, teacher, conductor, b Gander, Nfld, 28 Aug 1950; B MUS (California State, Northridge) 1975, MA (California State, Sacramento) 1979, PH D (North Texas State) 1982.


Nazaire LeVasseur

(Louis) Nazaire (Zéphirin) LeVasseur. Historian, organist, violinist, bassist, composer, b Quebec City 6 Feb 1848, d there 8 Nov 1927. At five he began to study music with Antoine Dessane.


Elias Hardy

Elias Hardy, lawyer, politician (b at Farnham, Surrey, Eng c 1744; d at Saint John 25 Dec 1798). Hardy immigrated to Virginia in 1775; like most LOYALISTS he sympathized with America in its quarrel with Britain but opposed the ultimate solution of colonial independence.


Brian Doyle

Brian Doyle, children's novelist (b at Ottawa 12 Aug 1935). After a journalism degree from Carleton University (1957), he worked briefly for the Toronto Telegram. Brian Doyle returned to Carleton for a BA in English and became a high-school teacher in Ottawa.


Jean-Paul Despins

Jean-Paul Despins. Teacher of neuropedagogy of music, b. Quebec City, 5 Jan 1935; B MUS (Montreal) 1970, MA (McGill) 1977, PhD (Montreal) 1984. He began studying piano at five, and then he studied flute at École Vincent-d'Indy.


Ronald Michael Francis

Ronald "Ron" Michael Francis, hockey player (b at Sault Ste Marie, Ont 1 Mar 1963). Ron Francis' long career in hockey garnered him several awards and he is known as one of the NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUE's best-ever playmakers.


Charles Apps

Apps entered politics in 1940, pursuing it with the same skill and determination that he brought to hockey. He ran as a federal CONSERVATIVE PARTY candidate in the 1940 election but lost to the Liberal incumbent.


Jay Baruchel

Jonathan Adam Saunders Baruchel, actor, writer, producer, director (born 9 April 1982 in Ottawa, ON). An idiosyncratic actor with a slacker charm and a geeky disposition, Jay Baruchel has built a successful career playing perennial underdogs, awkward but likeable outsiders and comedic versions of himself. He has enjoyed great success in Hollywood, particularly with the hugely successful How to Train Your Dragon franchise, while working just as consistently in the Canadian film industry, for which he is a passionate advocate.



K-os (né Kevin Brereton), rap artist, songwriter, singer, producer (born 20 February 1972 in Trinidad and Tobago). K-os' inventive sound has been classified as "alternative hip hop," and draws influence from rock, pop, soul, jazz, reggae, R&B, and electronic music. He writes his own material and his albums are largely self-produced.


Children of Peace

The Children of Peace. A religious sect active in the area of Sharon (known as Hope until the 1860s but from the 1840s mainly as Sharon), south of Lake Simcoe, Ont, from the second to the ninth decade of the 19th century.


Peter Paul Koprowski

Koprowski, Peter Paul (b Piotr Pawel). Composer, conductor, pianist, teacher, b Lodz, Poland, 24 Aug 1947, naturalized Canadian 1976; Artist Diploma (State Music College, Lodz) 1966, MA (Higher School of Music, Krakow) 1969, D MUS (Toronto) 1977.