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Émile Normand

Normand, Émile or 'Cisco' (Roland). Drummer, vibraphonist, composer, painter, b Windsor, Ont, 21 Nov 1936. He studied piano, trumpet, and vibraphone in Windsor and Detroit and played in a dance band led by his mother in the late 1940s and early 1950s.


Thelma O'Neill

Thelma (Grace Isabel) O'Neill (b Johannes). Pianist, teacher, b Hamilton, Ont, 28 Jun 1915, d Sherwood Park, Alta, 27 Jun 2003; ATCM 1932, L MUS (Saskatchewan) 1934, B MUS (Alberta) 1981. Her teachers included George C.


One Third Ninth

One Third Ninth. Piano trio formed in 1970 in Calgary by the violinist Moshe Hammer, the cellist John Kadz (at that time principals of the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra), and the pianist Gloria Saarinen.



Nuance. Quebec rock group from the Ottawa valley region founded in 1975. It was in 1983, when the singer Sandra Dorion (b Gatineau, Que, 9 Feb 1963) joined the group that Nuance started to become well-known.


Harvey Olnick

Harvey (Joel) Olnick. Musicologist, teacher, b New York 18 Dec 1917, d Toronto 30 Oct 2003; B SC (City, New York) 1940, MA (Columbia) 1948. He began to study piano at The Institute of Musical Art (now the Juilliard School) at six.


Lois Smith

Lois Smith married dancer David ADAMS in 1950 and both were invited by Celia Franca to join the newly founded NATIONAL BALLET OF CANADA in 1951 as principal dancers.


Claude Champagne

Education and TrainingChampagne began piano and theory at 10 with Orpha-F. Deveaux and continued with Romain-Octave Pelletier. At 14 he studied the violin with Albert Chamberland, and this became his favourite instrument.


Arlene Pach

Arlene (Alnora) Pach (b Nimmons). Pianist, teacher, b Kamloops, BC, 26 May 1928, d Fredericton, 2 Mar 2000; ATCM 1945; BA philosophy (British Columbia) 1949, honorary LL D (Saint Thomas) 1988, honorary D LITT (New Brunswick) 1993.


Joël Pasquier

Joël Pasquier. Pianist, teacher, b Montmorency, near Paris, 25 Sep 1943, naturalized Canadian 1973; premiers prix piano, chamber music (Paris Cons) 1962.


Bryan Adams

Bryan Adams' first single, "Let Me Take You Dancing," was a disco hit in 1979, and was followed by the albums (for A & M) Bryan Adams (SP-4800) in 1980 and You Want It - You Got It (SP-4864) in 1981. Of his other early singles, "Fits Ya Good" was popular in 1982.


Cornelia Hahn Oberlander

Cornelia Oberlander's early professional years were devoted to designing landscapes for low-cost housing projects and playgrounds throughout Canada, including the Children's Creative Centre for EXPO 67 in Montréal.


Raymond Ringuette

Raymond Ringuette. Educator, b Asbestos, Que, 21 Aug 1943; BA (Sherbrooke) 1966, B TH (Sherbrooke) 1970, B MUS ED (Laval) 1973, B MUS rhythmics (Laval) 1974, BES 1975, M MUS (Laval) 1976, D MUS ED (Illinois) 1980.


Mariana Paunova

Mariana Paunova. Contralto, pianist, b Kapinovo, Bulgaria, 13 Jun 1951, naturalized Canadian 1975, d Port Jefferson, New York, 27 Jul 2002; diploma (State Music School, Sofia, Bulgaria) 1967, M MUS piano (Conservatorio Santa Cecilia, Rome) 1970, lauréat (Académie de musique du Québec) 1971.


Marthe Létourneau

Marthe Létourneau, soprano, teacher (born 27 June 1916 in Quebec City, QC; died 10 December 1998). Létourneau appeared as soloist with the MSO and the Quebec Symphony Orchestra and taught voice 1940-2 at Sherbrooke's Mont Notre-Dame, 1960-2 at the École Vincent-d'Indy, 1960-6 at the Institut Nazareth, 1962-3 at the Institut pédagogique de Montréal, and 1960-6 at the Grey Nuns' School in Hull. She also taught at Laval University 1966-84 and was a member of a vocal quartet there 1972-4.


Dan George

Dan George, OC, Tsleil-Waututh actor, poet, public speaker (born 24 July 1899 on the Burrard Indian Reserve No. 3 in BC; died 23 September 1981 in North Vancouver, BC). By his film roles and personal appearances, Dan George helped improve the popular image of Indigenous people, often represented in stereotypical ways.


Women on Canadian Banknotes

Though Queen Elizabeth II has appeared on the $20 bill since she was eight years old, identifiable Canadian women have only appeared on a Canadian banknote once. In 2004, the statue of the Famous Five from Parliament Hill and Olympic Plaza in Calgary, and the medal for the Thérèse Casgrain Volunteer Award were featured on the back of the $50 note. They were the first Canadian women to appear on our currency. However, in 2011, they were replaced by an icebreaker named for a man (see Roald Amundsen). The new bill was part of a series of notes meant to highlight technical innovation and achievement, but the change sparked controversy. Other than the image of a nameless female scientist on the $100 note issued in 2011, and two female Canadian Forces officers and a young girl on the $10 bill issued in 2001, Canadian women were absent from Canadian bills.

On 8 March 2016, International Women’s Day, the Bank of Canada launched a public consultation to choose an iconic Canadian woman who would be featured on a banknote, released in the next series of bills in 2018. More than 26,000 submissions poured in. Of those, 461 names met the qualifying criteria, and the list was pared down to a long list of 12 and finally a short list of five. The final selection will be announced on 8 December 2016.

But how did we get here?


Michael Matthews

Matthews, Michael (Bass). Composer, teacher, conductor, b Gander, Nfld, 28 Aug 1950; B MUS (California State, Northridge) 1975, MA (California State, Sacramento) 1979, PH D (North Texas State) 1982.