Frank Arthur Calder, OC,
Nisga’a politician, chief, businessman (born 3 August 1915, Nass Harbour, BC; died 4 November 2006 in Victoria,
BC). Frank Calder was the first Indigenous member of the BC legislature, elected in 1949. Calder is best known for his role in the Nisga’a Tribal Council’s Supreme Court case
against the province of British Columbia (commonly known as the Calder
case), which demonstrated that Aboriginal
title (i.e., ownership) to traditional lands exists in modern Canadian law.