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Canada and the United States
"The Americans are our best friends whether we like it or not." This statement, uttered in the House of Commons by
Robert Thompson, the leader of the Social Credit Party early in the 1960s, perhaps best captures the essence of Canada's
complex relationship with its nearest neighbour.
Teen Describes Murders
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on December 25, 1995. Partner content is not updated.Following their brutal murders in suburban Montreal last April, Frank Toope, a 75-year-old retired Anglican minister, and his wife, Jocelyn, 70, were uniformly praised by friends and former parishioners as a warm, caring and generous couple.
Canada Likely to Join US in War against Iraq
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on September 23, 2002. Partner content is not updated.IT WAS BY MOST ACCOUNTS an uncomfortable meeting when Jean CHRÉTIEN sat down with George W. Bush for 45 minutes in Detroit's Cobo Hall last week.
Somalia Inquiry's Damning Report
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on July 14, 1997. Partner content is not updated.Hindsight is a wonderful thing. If only Prime Minister Brian Mulroney had not jumped at U.S. President George Bushs request to send Canadian troops to Somalia in 1992.
Teen Killing in Toronto
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on November 29, 1999. Partner content is not updated.At the foot of Dmitri Baranovski's bed are some weights, a soccer ball, tennis rackets and - what his stepfather picked up at a garage sale to help him adjust to Canadian life - a football and two hockey sticks.
Toronto Bans Smoking
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on July 15, 1996. Partner content is not updated.The doors of The Pilot Tavern were wide open last Wednesday evening, but the unseasonably cool breezes wafting through the popular Toronto pub did little to clear the air. Like the tobacco haze hanging over the long, dark bar, a tough, new antismoking bylaw threatened to poison the atmosphere.
Martin's 1998 Budget
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on March 9, 1998. Partner content is not updated.There were still three weeks remaining before budget day when Finance Minister Paul Martin sat down one afternoon for a strategy session in his fifth-floor office in the Centre Block of the Parliament Buildings.
Chrétien's New Cabinet
This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on June 23, 1997. Partner content is not updated.As usual, the makeup of the cabinet sent out unmistakable signals about the government's priorities and intentions. In addition to Chrétien, there are 22 other Ontarians and Quebecers in the group, reflecting Liberal strength in the centre of the country.
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization made up of 193 member states. The UN works to maintain global peace and security, address humanitarian concerns, promote cultural heritage, and administer systems of international law, transportation, commerce and justice. Canada is a founding member of the UN (see Canada and the League of Nations).
The Calder case (1973) — named for politician and Nisga’a chief Frank Calder,
who brought the case before the courts — reviewed the existence of Aboriginal title (i.e., ownership) claimed over lands historically occupied by the Nisga’a peoples of northwestern
British Columbia. While the case was lost, the Supreme Court of Canada’s ruling nevertheless
recognized for the first time that Aboriginal title has a place in Canadian law. The Calder case (also known as Calder et al. v. Attorney General of British Columbia) is considered the foundation for the Nisga’a Treaty in 2000 — the first modern
land claim in British Columbia that gave the Nisga’a people self-government.
Canadian Bill of Rights
The Canadian Bill of Rights was the country’s first federal law to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. It was considered groundbreaking when it was enacted by the government of John Diefenbaker in 1960. But it proved too limited and ineffective, mainly because it applies only to federal statutes and not provincial ones. Many judges regarded it as a mere interpretive aid. The bill was cited in 35 cases between 1960 and 1982; thirty were rejected by the courts. Though it is still in effect, the Bill of Rights was superseded by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982.
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was enacted by the United States Congress on 18 September 1850. It extended the reach of the institution of slavery into the free Northern states, stating that refugees from enslavement living there could be returned to enslavement in the South once captured. The Act led thousands of freedom-seekers to take refuge in Canada. It was repealed 28 June 1864.
Canada and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) is a non-binding political commitment made by United Nations Member States to protect
populations from genocide, crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and war crimes. Canadian leadership was instrumental in the establishment of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) in 2000, which led to the development
and eventual adoption of R2P at the 2005 UN World Summit (see also Canada and Peacekeeping).
Canada's Feminist Foreign Policy
In June 2017, Justin Trudeau’s Liberal government introduced its Feminist International
Assistance Policy (FIAP). The FIAP takes an explicitly feminist approach to Canada’s foreign policy and international development to target gender equality and the
empowerment of women and girls. (See Global Affairs Canada.)
The Marshall case is a landmark ruling in Indigenous treaty rights in Canada. The case centres on Donald Marshall Jr., a Mi’kmaq man from Membertou, Nova Scotia. In August 1993, Marshall caught and sold 210 kg of eel with an illegal net and without a licence during closed-season times. He was arrested after being charged under the federal Fisheries Act and the Maritime Provinces Fishery Regulations. In Marshall’s court case, R. v. Marshall, he was found guilty on all three charges in provincial court (1996) and appeals court (1997). The Supreme Court of Canada reversed Marshall’s convictions in September 1999. The Supreme Court recognized the hunting and fishing rights promised in the Peace and Friendship Treaties. These treaties were signed between the British and the Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik and Peskotomuhkati in 1760–61.