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Article

Journalism

Journalism has always been conditioned by a series of institutional constraints: the state, the party system, the business imperatives of MEDIA OWNERSHIP, societal changes (such as urbanization, the diffusion of literacy and education), and the impact of technological innovation.

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Otto Higel Co. Ltd.

Otto Higel Co. Ltd. Toronto manufacturer of piano and organ supplies. The company was founded in 1896 by Otto Higel (b Silesia, Germany, 1869, d Toronto 2 Jul 1930), who had bought the Toronto piano action and key manufacturing business of F.

Article

Kébec-Disc Inc

Kébec-Disc Inc. Recording company founded in Montreal in 1974. Guy Latraverse, its first president, was succeeded in 1976 by Gilles Talbot. After Talbot's accidental death in March 1982 the company ceased its activities, Latraverse having left Kébec-Disc a year earlier.

Article

Imrie & Graham

Imrie & Graham. Toronto firm of book, job, and music printers and music publishers active 1884-ca 1909. John Imrie, a printer and poet (b Glasgow 1846, d Toronto 1902), moved to Toronto in 1871.

Article

Lye Organ Company

Lye Organ Company. Edward Lye (b Somerset, England, 1828 or 1829, d Toronto, 9 Nov 1919) became a cabinetmaker in England, and this training appears to have led naturally to the construction of organs.

Article

Beaver Records Ltd.

Beaver Records Ltd. Company established in 1950 by the Toronto lawyer, musical patron, and supporter of the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir F.R. MacKelcan (1882-1962), with the purpose of recording the choir.

Article

Bell Piano and Organ Co.

Bell Piano and Organ Co. Instrument-manufacturing firm. Established in 1864 in Guelph, Canada West (Ontario) by the brothers William and Robert Bell with a staff of three, it produced 25 four-legged 'Diploma' melodeons in its first year.

Article

Rodeo Records Ltd.

Rodeo Records Ltd. Parent company to several labels producing country and folk music and Melbourne, in the classical genre. It was founded in 1949 in Montreal by Don Johnson and George Taylor. Taylor (b 8 Sept 1911, d Peterborough, Ont, 12 Sept 1986). Taylor soon assumed sole control.

Article

Canadian Film History: 1896 to 1938

Filmmaking is a powerful form of cultural and artistic expression, as well as a highly profitable commercial enterprise. From a practical standpoint, filmmaking is a business involving large sums of money and a complex division of labour. This labour is involved, roughly speaking, in three sectors: production, distribution and exhibition. The history of the Canadian film industry has been one of sporadic achievement accomplished in isolation against great odds. Canadian cinema has existed within an environment where access to capital for production, to the marketplace for distribution and to theatres for exhibition has been extremely difficult. The Canadian film industry, particularly in English Canada, has struggled against the Hollywood entertainment monopoly for the attention of an audience that remains largely indifferent toward the domestic industry. The major distribution and exhibition outlets in Canada have been owned and controlled by foreign interests. The lack of domestic production throughout much of the industry’s history can only be understood against this economic backdrop.

This article is one of four that surveys the history of the film industry in Canada. The entire series includes: Canadian Film History: 1896 to 1938; Canadian Film History: 1939 to 1973; Canadian Film History: 1974 to Present; Canadian Film History: Notable Films and Filmmakers 1980 to Present.

Article

S. Sabathil & Son Ltd.

S. Sabathil & Son Ltd. Vancouver harpsichord makers (whose workshop is on Bowen Island). The company was established in 1960 by Simon (b ca 1896 d Vancouver 1980) and Sigurd (b 1939) Sabathil, who had immigrated to Canada from Marianské Lázne, Czechoslovakia.

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Quality Records Ltd.

Quality Records Ltd. Independent Canadian-owned record and tape manufacturing company active1950-85 in Toronto, initially under the direction of George Keane as vice-president and general manager, and latterly, 1975-85, of George Struth as president.

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Mixed Media Music

Mixed media (or multi-media) music. Music which incorporates one or more additional modes of expression, eg, speech, action, film, light effects, sculpture, dance.

Article

CINARS

CINARS International Exchange for Performers/Conférence, then Commerce international des arts de la scène. Event promoting the performing arts, which was founded in Montreal in 1983 by Alain Paré, who was vice-president and director general in 1991.

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Delmar Music Co.

Delmar Music Co. Montreal music publishing firm listed in city directories from 1908 to 1919, with a known range of copyrights from 1907 to 1919. Some 50 of these are known to exist, ranging from marches, and dances (including ragtime music) to songs.

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