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Great Coalition of 1864

The politics of the Province of Canada in the early 1860s were marked by instability and deadlock. The Great Coalition of 1864 proved to be a turning point in Canadian history. It proved remarkably successful in breaking the logjam of central Canadian politics and in helping to create a new country. The coalition united Reformers and Conservatives in the cause of constitutional reform. It paved the way for the Charlottetown Conference and Confederation.  


Sir Andrew Macphail

Sir Andrew Macphail, physician, man of letters, professor of medicine, soldier (b at Orwell, PEI 24 Nov 1864; d at Montréal 23 Sept 1938). Macphail studied at Prince of Wales College, Charlottetown, before proceeding to McGill, where he received degrees in arts and medicine.


Albert Gary Doer

By the early 1970s Doer had become a youth counsellor and worked in a number of capacities at the Vaughan Street Detention Centre and the Manitoba Youth Treatment Centre in Winnipeg.


Shawn Atleo

Shawn A-in-chut Atleo, National Chief of AFN (2009–2014), activist, businessman (born 16 January 1967 in Ahousaht, BC).


Jean J. Charest

Jean J. Charest, lawyer, politician, premier of Québec from 2003 to 2012 (born at Sherbrooke, Qué, 24 June 1958). Charest received both his undergraduate degree and a degree in law at Sherbrooke University. He was first elected as Member of Parliament for Sherbrooke in 1984.


Christopher Gledhill

Christopher Gledhill. Educator, organist, composer, b Borden, Kent, England, 21 Mar 1912, d Brundall, Norfolk, England, 14 Apr 1987; BA (Oxford) 1934, B MUS (Oxford) 1936, MA (Oxford) 1946. He was a grandnephew of Edwin Gledhill.


Rose Latulippe

Rose Latulippe. Three-act ballet by Brian Macdonald to music (1966) by Harry Freedman, commissioned for the Royal Winnipeg Ballet by the Canadian Centennial Commission.


Willie Adams

Willie Adams, Inuk, Liberal senator, businessman, electrician (born 22 June 1934 in Kuujjuaq [then Fort Chimo] in Nunavik, Quebec). As Canada’s first Inuit senator, Adams frequently sought greater federal government support for his people in education, health care, infrastructure, land claims, fishery allocations and affordable food, housing and fuel. He was actively involved in the creation of Nunavut and supported Inuit language rights, art and culture, and traditional hunting methods such as sealing.


Jack Layton

Jack Layton, educator, politician, and federal New Democratic Party leader, was born at Montréal, 18 July 1950. He was the son of Robert Layton, a former prominent Québec Liberal who later became a Conservative MP and cabinet minister.


Nobel Prizes

This article was originally published in Maclean’s magazine on October 26, 1998. Partner content is not updated.

Relations between the two men are cool, bordering on icy, as could be expected between leaders who represent opposite sides in the religious and political struggle that has bathed Northern Ireland in blood for three decades.


Oscar Brand

Oscar Brand. Folksinger, collector, songwriter, guitarist, author, b Winnipeg 7 Feb 1920, naturalized US; B SC psychology (Brooklyn College) 1942. He was taken as a boy to the USA and has lived in Minneapolis, Chicago, and New York.


Wally Koster

Wally (Walter Serge) Koster. Singer, trombonist, actor, b Winnipeg, of Polish-Russian parents, 14 Feb 1923, d Toronto 11 Dec 1975.


Charles Hutton

Charles (Warrington) Hutton. Organist, music dealer, conductor, b St John's, Nfld, 20 Aug 1861, d there 1 Feb 1949. He was educated in Charlottetown and at the French college, St Pierre, and in 1880 became organist-choirmaster at St John the Baptist Roman Catholic Cathedral in St John's.


Guy Desbarats

Guy Edouard André Joseph Desbarats, architect, teacher, dean, author, consultant (b at Montréal, QC 30 July 1925; d at Sherbrooke, QC 30 August 2003). Desbarats graduated from the MCGILL school of architecture in 1948.


Jackie Maxwell

Jackie Maxwell, director, dramaturge (born 1956 in Belfast, Northern Ireland). Jackie Maxwell is a forceful and influential figure in contemporary Canadian theatre and is currently artistic director of the Shaw Festival in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.