Antibiotic Resistance in Canada
Antibiotic (or antimicrobial) resistance developed with the wide distribution of antibiotic medications in the 20th century. Resistance occurs when the medication is no longer capable of killing or preventing the reproduction of bacteria. A major global health challenge, antibiotic resistance makes treating diseases more difficult and expensive, and it results in fewer antibiotics that are effective in managing infectious diseases. Canada is experiencing rising rates of antibiotic-resistant infections such as gonorrhea. In hospital settings, infections that resist multiple drugs are also becoming more common. Canadian health agencies, medical professionals and industries are active in multiple efforts to combat this problem.