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Marc-André Hamelin

Marc-André Hamelin, pianist (b at Montréal 5 Sep 1961). After his training in Montréal, he studied in Philadelphia at Temple University with Harvey D. Wedeen and Russell Sherman.

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John Herbert Chapman

From 1958-71 Chapman played a key role in initiating and directing the spectacularly successful Alouette/ISIS scientific Earth Satellite program. With the launch of Alouette 1 in September 1962 Canada became the third country to design and build an Earth satellite.

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Celtic Languages

The Celtic languages belong to the family of languages known as Indo-European and as such are related to most of the languages of Europe and many others found as far east of Europe as India. Linguists recognize 2 main divisions of Celtic: Continental Celtic and Insular Celtic.

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Donn Kushner

Although he published one collection of short fiction for adults, The Witness and Other Stories (1981), he secured his literary reputation as a children's writer. In 1981 The Violin Maker's Gift won the Canadian Library Association Book of the Year Award.

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Robert Charbonneau

Robert Charbonneau, journalist, writer (b at Montréal 3 Feb 1911; d at St-Jovite, Qué 26 June 1967). Because of Charbonneau's work, French Canadian literature, particularly the novel, underwent a profound transformation.

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William Stevens

William (Jervis) Stevens, pianist, teacher (born 6 January 1921 in ​Montréal, ​QC, of American parents; died 1997). B.Mus. (McGill) 1943.

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Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester

In 1782-83 he was commander in chief at New York, which he refused to evacuate until the LOYALIST refugees had been sent to safety, and he urged their reception in Québec and Nova Scotia. Influenced by William SMITH, he unsuccessfully proposed while in England a single governor general for BNA.

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Thomas Carleton

Thomas Carleton, British army officer, lieutenant-governor of NB (b in Ire c 1735; d at Ramsgate, Eng 2 Feb 1817), brother of Guy CARLETON, Baron Dorchester.

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Ruth Carse

Margaret Ruth Pringle Carse, dancer, choreographer, teacher, director (born at Edmonton, Alta 7 Dec 1916; died at Ponoka, Alta 14 Nov 1999). Carse was a pioneer of professional dance in Western Canada.

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Wilf Carter

Wilfred Arthur Charles Carter, Wilf, singer, songwriter (b at Port Hilford, NS 18 Dec 1904; d at Scottsdale, AZ, 5 Dec 1996). He left the Maritimes in the 1920s and reached Alberta, becoming a cowboy and part-time entertainer. In 1930 he made his radio debut in Calgary.

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Gordon Lightfoot

Gordon Meredith Lightfoot, CC, O.Ont, singer, songwriter, guitarist (born 17 November 1938 in Orillia, Ontario). Gordon Lightfoot is one of the most acclaimed and respected songwriters of the 20th century, and one of the most significant musicians Canada has produced. The country’s top male recording artist of the 1970s, Lightfoot first drew attention in the early 1960s when songs such as “Early Morning Rain” and “For Lovin’ Me” became hits for artists like Ian and Sylvia and Peter, Paul and Mary. Lightfoot achieved international prominence as a solo artist with a series of pop and country hits, including “If You Could Read My Mind,” “Sundown,” “Carefree Highway,” “Rainy Day People” and “The Wreck of The Edmund Fitzgerald.” Ian Tyson has said that nobody “before or since has had the impact on Canadian culture, through popular music or folk music, that Gordon Lightfoot has had.” Lightfoot’s gold- and platinum-certified albums have combined to sell more than 10 million copies worldwide. He has won 12 Juno Awards from 27 nominations, including Male Vocalist of the Year four times (1971–73, 1975) and Folksinger of the Year five times (1970, 1975–78). A Member of the Order of Ontario and a Companion of the Order of Canada, he has been inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, Canada’s Walk of Fame, the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, the US Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame and Canadian Folk Music Walk of Fame, among many other honours.

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Tom Patterson

After an abortive first attempt to enlist Laurence Olivier as an artistic advisor, Patterson succeeded in arousing the interest of Tyrone GUTHRIE, who agreed to come to Canada to serve as the festival's first artistic director.

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William Mellis Christie

William Mellis Christie, biscuit manufacturer (b at Huntley, Aberdeenshire, Scot 5 Jan 1829; d at Toronto 14 June 1900). He apprenticed as a baker in Scotland, and at age 19 immigrated to Canada.

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Quest for Fire

The film Quest for Fire (1982) begins with 3 warriors (Ron Perlman, Everett McGill and Nameer El-Kadi) of a primitive homo-sapien tribe who are sent out to find a source of fire (they don't know how to produce it) after their tribe's fire is extinguished during an attack by a group of marauding Neanderthals.

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Robert Hugh Carlin

Robert Hugh Carlin, trade unionist (b at Buckingham, Qué 10 Feb 1901; d at Kirkland Lake, Ont 1991). In 1916 he moved to COBALT, Ontario, to work in the mines.

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Irene F. Whittome

Irene F. Whittome, artist (b at Vancouver on 5 March 1942). Irene Whittome attended the Vancouver School of Art, studying under painter Jack SHADBOLT. In Paris from 1963 to 1967, she studied with the engraver W. Stanley Hayter.

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Robert Pim Butchart

Robert Pim Butchart, industrialist (b at Owen Sound, Canada W 30 Mar 1856; d at Victoria 27 Oct 1943). Educated in Owen Sound, he joined his father's hardware business. In 1888 he began the Owen Sound Portland Cement Co. He moved