First Nations in Alberta

There are 47 First Nations in Alberta. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Alberta). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Cree Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Alberta are part of the Blackfoot Confederacy (Siksikaitsitapi), Stoney, Tsuut’ina, Cree, Salteaux, Nakota Sioux or Dene.

There are 47 First Nations in Alberta. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Alberta). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Cree Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Alberta are part of the Blackfoot Confederacy (Siksikaitsitapi), Stoney, Tsuut’ina, Cree, Salteaux, Nakota Sioux or Dene.


Each point on this map represents the location of a First Nation’s administrative office. For a map of the reserves these First Nations hold, see Reserves in Alberta.
(map by The Canadian Encyclopedia, data courtesy Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and licensed under Open Government Licence-Canada)

First Nations in Alberta

  • Alexander First Nation
  • Alexis Nakota Sioux Nation
  • Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation
  • Bearspaw First Nation
  • Beaver First Nation
  • Beaver Lake Cree Nation
  • Bigstone Cree Nation
  • Blood Tribe (Kainai Nation)
  • Chiniki First Nation
  • Chipewyan Prairie First Nation
  • Cold Lake First Nations
  • Dene Tha' First Nation
  • Driftpile Cree Nation
  • Duncan's First Nation
  • Enoch Cree Nation
  • Ermineskin Cree Nation
  • Fort McKay First Nation
  • Fort McMurray 468 First Nation
  • Frog Lake First Nation
  • Heart Lake First Nation
  • Horse Lake First Nation
  • Kapawe'no First Nation
  • Kehewin Cree Nation
  • Little Red River Cree Nation
  • Loon River Cree
  • Louis Bull Tribe
  • Lubicon Lake Band
  • Mikisew Cree First Nation
  • Montana First Nation
  • O'Chiese First Nation
  • Paul First Nation
  • Peerless Trout First Nation
  • Piikani Nation
  • Saddle Lake Cree Nation
  • Samson Cree Nation
  • Sawridge First Nation
  • Siksika Nation
  • Smith's Landing First Nation
  • Sturgeon Lake Cree Nation
  • Sucker Creek First Nation
  • Sunchild First Nation
  • Swan River First Nation
  • Tallcree First Nation
  • Tsuut'ina Nation
  • Wesley First Nation
  • Whitefish Lake First Nation
  • Woodland Cree First Nation