First Nations in Ontario

There are 128 First Nations in Ontario. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Ontario). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Mohawk Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Ontario are Haudenosaunee, Anishinaabe, Cree, Algonquin, Oji-Cree, and Lunaapeew (Delaware).

There are 128 First Nations in Ontario. First Nation is one of three groupings of Indigenous people in Canada, the other two being Métis and Inuit. Unlike Métis and Inuit, most First Nations hold reserve lands, and members of a First Nation may live both on and off these reserves (see also Reserves in Ontario). While the term First Nation can describe a large ethnic grouping (e.g. the Mohawk Nation), in other cases it is synonymous with the term band, a word originally chosen by the federal government and used in the Indian Act. The word band describes smaller communities, such as the ones listed below. Many First Nations prefer the term First Nation over band. In terms of larger ethnic groupings, First Nations in Ontario are Haudenosaunee, Anishinaabe, Cree, Algonquin, Oji-Cree, and Lunaapeew (Delaware).

Each point on this map represents the location of a First Nation’s administrative office. For a map of the reserves these First Nations hold, see Reserves in Ontario.
(map by The Canadian Encyclopedia, data courtesy Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and licenced under Open Government Licence-Canada)

First Nations in Ontario

  • Aamjiwnaang
  • Alderville First Nation
  • Algonquins of Pikwakanagan First Nation
  • Animakee Wa Zhing #37 (formerly Northwest Angle 37)
  • Animbiigoo Zaagi igan Anishinaabek
  • Anishnaabeg of Naongashiing (or Big Island First Nation)
  • Aroland First Nation
  • Asubpeeschoseewagong Netum Anishinabek (or Grassy Narrows First Nation)
  • Atikameksheng Anishnawbek
  • Attawapiskat First Nation
  • Aundeck-Omni-Kaning First Nation
  • Batchewana First Nation
  • Bearskin Lake First Nation
  • Beausoleil First Nation (or G’Chimnissing)
  • Beaverhouse First Nation
  • Big Grassy River First Nation (or Mishkosiminiziibiing)
  • Biigtigong Nishnaabeg (or Pic River First Nation)
  • Biinjitiwaabik Zaaging Anishinaabek (or Rocky Bay First Nation)
  • Bingwi Neyaashi Anishinaabek (formerly Sand Point First Nation)
  • Brunswick House First Nation
  • Caldwell First Nation
  • Cat Lake First Nation
  • Chapleau Cree First Nation
  • Chapleau Ojibwe First Nation
  • Chippewas of Georgina Island
  • Chippewas of Nawash Unceded First Nation
  • Chippewas of Rama First Nation
  • Chippewas of the Thames First Nation (or Deshkan Ziibiing)
  • Constance Lake First Nation
  • Couchiching First Nation
  • Curve Lake First Nation
  • Deer Lake First Nation
  • Delaware Nation at Moraviantown (formerly Moravian of the Thames)
  • Dokis First Nation
  • Eabametoong First Nation (or Fort Hope)
  • Eagle Lake First Nation
  • Flying Post First Nation
  • Fort Albany First Nation
  • Fort Severn First Nation (or Wasaho Cree Nation)
  • Fort William First Nation
  • Garden River First Nation
  • Ginoogaming First Nation (formerly Long Lake Reserve #77)
  • Gull Bay First Nation (or Kiashke Zaaging Anishinaabek)
  • Henvey Inlet First Nation
  • Hiawatha First Nation (Michisaagiig of Rice Lake)
  • Iskatewizaagegan #39 Independent First Nation (formerly Shoal Lake #39)
  • Kasabonika Lake First Nation
  • Kashechewan Cree First Nation
  • Kee-Way-Win First Nation
  • Kettle & Stony Point First Nation (formerly Chippewas of Kettle & Stony Point)
  • Kingfisher Lake First Nation
  • Kitchenuhmaykoosib Inninuwug (formerly Big Trout Lake First Nation)
  • Lac Des Mille Lacs First Nation (or the Community of Nezaadiikaang)
  • Lac La Croix First Nation
  • Lac Seul First Nation
  • Long Lake #58 First Nation
  • M'Chigeeng First Nation (formerly West Bay)
  • Magnetawan First Nation
  • Marten Falls First Nation
  • Matachewan First Nation
  • Mattagami First Nation
  • McDowell Lake First Nation
  • Michipicoten First Nation
  • Mishkeegogamang Ojibway Nation (formerly Osnaburgh First Nation)
  • Missanabie Cree First Nation
  • Mississauga First Nation
  • Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation
  • Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation
  • Mitaanjigamiing First Nation (formerly Stanjikoming First Nation)
  • Mohawk Council of Akwesasne
  • Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte (see also Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory)
  • Moose Cree First Nation
  • Moose Deer Point First Nation
  • Munsee-Delaware Nation
  • Muskrat Dam Lake First Nation
  • Naicatchewenin First Nation (formerly Northwest Bay First Nation)
  • Naotkamegwanning First Nation (formerly Whitefish Bay First Nation)
  • Neskantaga First Nation
  • Netmizaaggamig Nishaabeg (formerly Pic Mobert First Nation)
  • Nibinamik First Nation (formerly Summer Beaver Band)
  • Nigigoonsiminikaaning First Nation (formerly Red Gut First Nation)
  • Niisaachewan Anishinaabe Nation (formerly Dalles First Nation and Ochiichagwe'Babigo'Ining Ojibway Nation)
  • Nipissing First Nation
  • North Caribou Lake First Nation (formerly Weagamow Lake First Nation or Round Lake First Nation)
  • North Spirit Lake First Nation
  • Northwest Angle #33 First Nation
  • Obashkaandagaang First Nation (formerly Washagamis Bay First Nation)
  • Ojibway Nation of Saugeen (formerly Savant Lake First Nation)
  • Ojibways of Onigaming First Nation
  • Oneida Nation of the Thames
  • Pays Plat First Nation (or Pawgwasheeng)
  • Pikangikum First Nation
  • Poplar Hill First Nation
  • Rainy River First Nations
  • Red Rock Indian Band
  • Sachigo Lake First Nation
  • Sagamok Anishnawbek
  • Sandy Lake First Nation
  • Saugeen First Nation (or Chippewas of Saugeen)
  • Seine River First Nation
  • Serpent River First Nation
  • Shawanaga First Nation
  • Sheguiandah First Nation
  • Sheshegwaning First Nation
  • Shoal Lake #40 First Nation
  • Six Nations of the Grand River. Six Nations of the Grand River is a Haudenosaunee First Nation with several member nations that share an administrative office, and in some cases, reserve lands. These member nations include the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte, Bearfoot Onondaga First Nation, Konadaha Seneca First Nation, Lower Cayuga First Nation, Lower Mohawk First Nation, Niharondasa Seneca, Onondaga Clear Sky First Nation, Upper Cayuga First Nation, Upper Mohawk First Nation, Walker Mohawk First Nation, Oneida Nation, Delaware Nation, and Tuscarora Nation.
  • Slate Falls Nation #259
  • Taykwa Tagamou Nation (formerly New Post First Nation)
  • Temagami First Nation
  • Thessalon First Nation
  • Wabaseemoong Independent Nations
  • Wabauskang First Nation
  • Wabigoon Lake Ojibway Nation (or Waabigonii Zaaga’igan Anishinaabeg)
  • Wahgoshig First Nation (formerly Abitibi)
  • Wahnapitae First Nation
  • Wahta Mohawks
  • Walpole Island First Nation
  • Wapekeka First Nation
  • Wasauksing First Nation
  • Wauzhushk Onigum Nation (or Rat Portage)
  • Wawakapewin First Nation
  • Webequie First Nation
  • Weenusk First Nation
  • Whitefish River First Nation
  • Whitesand First Nation
  • Wiikwemkoong Unceded Territory
  • Wunnumin Lake First Nation
  • Zhiibaahaasing First Nation (formerly Cockburn Island First Nation)