Mainwaring, Sir Henry
Sir Henry Mainwaring, pirate (b near Ightfield, Eng 1587?; buried at Camberwell [London], Eng 15 May 1653). A skilled navigator who was commissioned by the Crown in 1610 to capture the pirate Peter EASTON, he failed and turned to piracy, basing himself in North Africa. In 1614 he sailed for Newfoundland to reprovision his ships and recruit men. He took over Easton's old base at HARBOUR GRACE and terrorized Spanish and Portuguese shipping in the region. His audacious attacks almost destroyed the peace between England, Spain and Portugal. Pardoned in 1616 by James I, he returned to England where he was knighted, elected to Parliament and made a vice-admiral. A Royalist, he was ruined during the English Civil War and died in poverty.