Athabasca, Alberta, incorporated as a town in 1911, population 2,965 (2016 census), 2,990 (2011 census). The town of Athabasca is located on the Athabasca River, 150 km north of Edmonton. Up until 1904 it was known as Athabasca Landing.
Indigenous Peoples and Treaties
Athabasca, originally known as Athabasca Landing, was major freighting departure point for the North. The Landing reached its zenith during the Klondike era. It was incorporated as a town in 1911, and changed its name to Athabasca in 1913. The Canadian National Railway reached Athabasca in 1912. In 1919, the Alberta and Great Waterways Railway and the Edmonton Dunvegan and British Columbia Railway were completed. The arrival of these railways diminished the town’s importance as a transportation hub.
Athabasca became a local agricultural service centre. Today it is the home of Athabasca University, Canada’s “online university.” The world’s largest and technologically most sophisticated bleached kraft pulp mill is also located nearby.