Lansdowne, Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of
Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, politician, governor general of Canada 1883-88, viceroy of India 1888-93 (b at Lansdowne House, London, Eng 14 Jan 1845; d at Clonmel, Ire 4 June 1927). Henry was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford. He entered the Lords as a Liberal and served as a lord of the Treasury 1869-72, as undersecretary for war 1872-74 and, after Gladstone's Liberals returned to power in 1880, as undersecretary of state for India. A model governor general, he presided over the turbulent political period of the NORTH-WEST REBELLION without incident. Soon after he arrived in Canada he organized the despatch of the NILE EXPEDITION. Lansdowne seemed to regard his Canadian years as a respite from the more arduous duties of British public life.