Broadcasting, Royal Commission
(Fowler Commission). This body was established (1955) under Robert FOWLER, shortly after the development of private television in Canada, to consider the problems of financing the Canadian BROADCASTING system and the roles of public and private broadcasters in solving them.
It rejected the private broadcasters' arguments that cultural goals should be met primarily by the CBC and suggested the establishment of minimum cultural standards for private broadcasting and the creation of an independent regulatory agency to supervise broadcasting. The 1958 Broadcasting Act, which was based on the report, was replaced (1967-68) by a new Act establishing the CANADIAN RADIO-TELEVISION AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CRTC).