Sports & Recreation | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Browse "Sports & Recreation"

Displaying 1-15 of 289 results
  • Article

    1972 Canada-Soviet Hockey Series (Summit Series)

    For many Canadians, particularly baby boomers and Generation X, the eight-game hockey series between Team Canada and the national team of the Soviet Union in September 1972 provided the greatest moment in Canada’s sporting history. Most expected that Canada would handily defeat the Soviet Union, but this confidence quickly disappeared when Canada lost the first game. The series was tied heading into the final game in Moscow, which ended in dramatic fashion, with Paul Henderson scoring in the final seconds to give Canada the victory. The series became as much a Cold War political battle of democracy versus communism and freedom versus oppression as it was about hockey. The series had a lasting impact on hockey in Canada and abroad.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php 1972 Canada-Soviet Hockey Series (Summit Series)
  • Article

    2015 FIFA Women's World Cup

    ​The first FIFA Women’s World Cup to be held in Canada, and only the third in North America, the 2015 tournament was the largest and most watched in Women’s World Cup history.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
  • Article

    Health of Indigenous Peoples in Canada

    Prior to colonization, Indigenous Peoples possessed rich and diverse healing systems. Settlers’ introduction of new and contagious diseases placed these healing systems under considerable strain. Europeans also brought profound social, economic and political changes to the well-being of Indigenous communities. These changes continue to affect the health of Indigenous Peoples in Canada today. (See also Social Conditions of Indigenous Peoples in Canada and Economic Conditions of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Health of Indigenous Peoples in Canada
  • Article

    "All the Rage”: Women’s Hockey in Central Canada 1915–1920

    As the First World War dragged on in Europe, a group of remarkable young women turned the hockey world upside down.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php "All the Rage”: Women’s Hockey in Central Canada 1915–1920
  • Article

    Allan Cup

    Allan Cup, trophy emblematic of the senior amateur hockey championship of Canada. It was donated by Sir Hugh Andrew Montagu Allan shortly after the Stanley Cup became the trophy of professional hockey.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Allan Cup
  • Article

    Alpine Club of Canada

    Its Canadian Alpine Journal has been published annually since 1907; The Gazette, begun in 1921 as a less formal publication, was replaced in 1986 with a quarterly newsletter. A reference library is maintained in Banff's Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Alpine Club of Canada
  • Article

    Amateur Sports Organization

    The earliest athletic body organized to administer sport was the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association (MAAA). Formed in 1881, it comprised clubs for lacrosse, swimming and bicycling. The first national organization was the Amateur Athletic Association of Canada, founded in 1884.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Amateur Sports Organization
  • Article


    There are 2 general types of longbow: the ordinary, straight-ended bow and the recurved bow.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Archery
  • Article

    Arctic Winter Games

    The Arctic Winter Games (AWG) are biennial games initiated in 1970 to provide northern athletes with opportunities for training and competition, and to promote cultural and social interchange among northern peoples. Although the Games originated in North America, they have grown to include athletes from other parts of the world, including Greenland and parts of Russia, including Magadan, Sápmi and Yamal.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Arctic Winter Games
  • Article

    Art Ross Trophy

    The Art Ross Trophy is awarded annually to the player who leads the National Hockey League (NHL) in scoring points during the regular season. If there is a tie at the end of the season, the trophy is awarded to the player with the most goals. The trophy was donated in 1948 by Arthur Howey Ross, general manager of the Boston Bruins. Several players have won the award multiple times, including Wayne Gretzky(10 times), Gordie Howe and Mario Lemieux (6 times), Phil Esposito, Jaromir Jagr and Connor McDavid (5), Stan Mikita (4), and Bobby Hull and Guy Lafleur (3).

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Art Ross Trophy
  • Article

    Automobile Racing

    The earliest automobile racing took the form of speed trials and tours. In 1900 F.S. Evans set a record of 3 hrs, 20 min, driving an automobile the 60 km between Toronto and Hamilton.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Automobile Racing
  • Article


    Badminton is a game played on a rectangular court (13.4 m by 6.1 m) divided into equal halves by a 1.524 m high net by 2 players (or 4 players in doubles), whose object is to hit the shuttlecock ("shuttle") over the net and onto the floor of the opposing side's court.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Badminton
  • Article

    Ball Hockey

    Ball hockey is a fast, skilful sport, with leagues operating in all Canadian provinces. The game traces its ancestry to the simple stick-and-ball games of the Middle Ages.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Ball Hockey
  • Editorial

    Barilko has won the Stanley Cup for the Maple Leafs!

    The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Barilko has won the Stanley Cup for the Maple Leafs!
  • Article


    Baseball is a game played with a bat and ball between 2 teams (of 9 players each), which alternate between being at bat and in the field. The object is to score runs by advancing players counter-clockwise around 4 bases, each 90 feet (27.5 m) apart.

    "" // resources/views/front/categories/view.blade.php Baseball