Canadian Wildlife Federation, national, nonprofit, nongovernmental conservation organization founded in 1961 and chartered in 1962. CWF was created to promote an understanding of Canada's wildlife resources and ensure that stocks of all species would be preserved for the use and enjoyment of all Canadians. Originally, membership included the 10 provincial wildlife federations; in the early 1970s, individual Canadians were allowed to become direct members.

CWF now represents over 500 000 members and supporters across Canada and has a wildlife affiliate in all provinces and territories. The federation is affiliated with the International Bird Preservation Society and is a voting member of the World Conservation Union. It is administered by a 40-member voluntary board of directors, elected at each annual convention. Staff, located at CWF offices in Ottawa, carry out policies and directives established by the board.

Resource-action programs range from studying long-term environmental implications of development projects to recommending legislative changes to protect wildlife resources and their habitat (including endangered species and migratory species). The federation conducts public-education campaigns and sponsors research to heighten public awareness.

Schoolteachers receive posters, classroom lessons, manuals, etc, during National Wildlife Week and throughout the year. Resource materials, career guidance, scholarships, awards and financial-assistance information are available for students. The federation has received various awards, including the Ernest Thompson SETON Award of the International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, for outstanding contributions to conservation education in Canada.