Hunters' Lodges

Hunters' Lodges, largest of the SECRET SOCIETIES pledged to liberate the Canadian provinces from "British thraldom," founded in early 1838 in the northern US by Canadian rebels who had fled there after the REBELLIONS OF 1837. The movement quickly became American, with support from widely varied groups in the border states and membership estimated at 40,000-60,000. Abandoning plans to invade Upper Canada on 4 July 1838, the "patriot hunters" attempted numerous unsuccessful incursions in the following months. Rebels were soundly defeated at Napierville, Lacolle and Odelltown, LC, and at Prescott (in the Battle of the WINDMILL) and Windsor, UC. They then undertook a series of border provocations calculated to drive Britain and the US to war, including burning the steamship Sir Robert Peel in the Thousand Is and blowing up the Brock monument at Queenstown, UC. On 25 Sept 1841, US Pres Tyler warned them to disband, and within a short time the lodges were a thing of the past.