St-Eustache, Battle of

  the Battle of St-Eustache was fought on 14 December 1837. After destroying the PATRIOTE camp after the Battle of ST-CHARLES (25 November 1837), the army could prepare its attack on patriote camps to the north, those at St-Benoît and St-Eustache in the County of Deux-Montagnes. The expedition was mounted in style and in force: led in person by Sir John COLBORNE, commander of the British army in North America, it numbered 1200 regular soldiers (including a regiment of 600 from the Québec garrison), an artillery with a dozen or so cannons and more than 200 volunteers from Montréal and St-Eustache itself.

The rebels' morale had suffered badly from the news of the defeat at the Battle of St-Charles and the influential William Henry Scott soon concluded that the resistance had no further chance of success. But Jean-Olivier CHÉNIER managed to prevent the troops' demobilization and took command of the men who were dug into positions in the church, the presbytery, the convent and neighbouring houses. Colborne's victory was decisive. Nearly 100 rebels were killed, including Chénier, and even more were taken prisoner. The next day the army took St-Benoît, where the camp was in complete disorder. The village was burned to the ground.

See also REBELLIONS OF 1837.