Burnaby, BC, incorporated as a city in 1992, population 223 218 (2011c), 202 799 (2006c). Burnaby adjoins VANCOUVER on the west, COQUITLAM on the east and NEW WESTMINSTER on the southeast. Named after Robert Burnaby, a businessman and legislator of the 1860s, it features Burnaby Mountain (365 m), Burnaby Lake, the Fraser River and Burrard Inlet. Burnaby was a district municipality for one hundred years before being granted civic status in 1992. It is governed by a mayor and eight councillors and is a member Metro Vancouver.
Originally a sparsely populated rural district - with a population of 400 in 1900 - Burnaby developed into a residential community for workers in Vancouver and New Westminster. Industrial development and construction of large wholesale and retail outlets followed, and urbanization has continued in recent years. Now almost fully developed, the city is concentrating on infill and diversification projects.
Over the 1990s Burnaby's economy has shifted from light manufacturing and heavy industry to high technology. The shift is mainly due to high land values and congestion. Other important sectors are the FILM INDUSTRY, education, retail, utilities, and warehouse and distribution. Residential and industrial developments have almost eliminated agriculture. The city is served by 11 Skytrain stations.
Burnaby's educational facilities include SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY and the BC Institute of Technology. Attractions are the Burnaby Village Museum (recreating a typical 1890-1925 community), Barnet Marine Park, Shadbolt Centre for the Arts and the Burnaby Art Gallery. Burnaby Lake Regional Park, with some 200 birds species, is popular for bird watching. Central Park, once a naval reserve for its timber, preserves immense DOUGLAS FIR trees. Burnaby 8-Rinks is the largest indoor ice rink complex in the world and is the practice facility for the VANCOUVER CANUCKS.