Johnny Longden

John Eric Longden, jockey (born 14 Feb 1907 in Wakefield, England; died 14 February 2003 in Banning, California). Known as “the pumper” for his ability to ride a horse to its best possible performance, Johnny Longden enjoyed a distinguished career (1927–66) that many regard as one of the finest in Thoroughbred racing history. He retired at age 59 as the winningest jockey in the history of the sport, with 6,032 wins and a career winning percentage of 18.6. He is one of 12 jockeys to win the Triple Crown and the only person in history to both ride and train a Kentucky Derby winner. He is a member of the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame & Museum, Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame, the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame  and the US National Museum of Racing Hall of Fame.

Johnny Longden

Movie star Jayne Mansfield with jockeys Johnny Longden, Eddie Arcaro and Willie Shoemaker (left to right) at the Jockeys' Ball in Los Angeles, California, 1957.

(courtesy the Los Angeles Times)

Early Years

Longden’s father emigrated from England to Taber, Alberta, in 1909. Longden, his mother and his three sisters followed in 1912. According to a possibly apocryphal family legend, they arrived later than planned because they missed their ship — the Titanic. While still a teenager, Longden went to work with his father in the coal mines. He spent his weekends racing quarter horses and also performed as a “Roman rider” (standing on the backs of two horses) at the Calgary Stampede. George Woolf, who also became a famous jockey, was a friend and classmate. In 1924, Longden relocated to the United States.

Career Highlights

In 1927, Longden visited Salt Lake City, Utah, and rode a horse named Hugo K. Asher in a race, which he won. After a slow start to his career, the 4-foot-11 jockey won more races than any other American jockey in the years 1938, 1947 and 1948, with 236, 316 and 319 victories, respectively. He was also the leader in purses won in 1943 ($573,276) and 1945 ($981,977), setting records for total winnings each year.

One of Longden’s greatest achievements was training and riding Count Fleet to the Triple Crown (victories in the Kentucky Derby, Preakness and Belmont Stakes) in 1943. In 1950, Longden rode the Irish-bred Noor to four consecutive victories over Citation, one of North America’s finest thoroughbreds. Other notable horses he rode include Berseem, Porterhouse, Silver Spoon, St. Vincent and T.V. Lark.

Longden was the first North American jockey to ride 4,000 winners, a feat he accomplished on 15 May 1952. On 3 September 1956, he became the winningest rider in history with 4,871 victories. He recorded his 6,000th career victory aboard Prince Scorpion at Vancouver’s Exhibition Park in 1965.

Longden retired at age 59 as the winningest jockey in the history of the sport with 6,032 wins, 4,914 seconds and 4,273 thirds, a career winning percentage of 18.6 per cent and total earnings of $24,665,800. In his final race, riding the Vancouver-bred George Royal in the prestigious San Juan Capistrano Handicap, Longden came from 15 lengths behind to win by a nose.  


Training

Longden then enjoyed much success in a 23-year career as a trainer. He trained such notable horses as Jungle Savage, Money Lender, Baffle and Majestic Prince, whom Longden and owner Frank McMahon bought at first sight as a newborn colt. Majestic Prince’s victory in the 1969 Kentucky Derby made Longden the only person in history to both ride and train a Kentucky Derby winner, an accomplishment that was ranked No. 51 on BloodHorse magazine’s list of Horse Racing’s Top 100 Moments in 2006. Majestic Prince also won the Preakness and placed second in the Belmont Stakes, narrowly missing the Triple Crown. Longden retired from training in 1990 with 370 victories.

Awards

  • George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award, Santa Anita Racetrack (1952)  
  • Inductee, Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame (1958)
  • Inductee, National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame (1958)
  • Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame (1976)
  • Inductee, Alberta Sports Hall of Fame & Museum (1986)
  • Special Eclipse Award (1994)
  • Inductee, Fairgrounds Racing Hall of Fame (1995)