Ross, Sir John

Entering naval service at the age of nine, and wounded during the Napoleonic Wars, Ross had been at sea for 30 years when in 1817 he was ordered by the Admiralty to command an expedition to explore Baffin Bay. From 1829 to 1833 he commanded a second expedition in the Lancaster Sound-Somerset Island region. For four winters his ship, Victory, was ice-bound off the coast of Boothia Peninsula (and in 1831 his nephew and second-in-command, James Clark Ross, located the North Magnetic Pole on the peninsula's west coast). Released by the ice in 1833, the ship returned to England, where Ross was knighted. In 1850 he commanded Felix in an unsuccessful search for the lost expedition of Sir John Franklin.

See also Franklin Search.