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Article

Galt

In 1827 it was renamed Galt after John GALT, the Scottish novelist and colonizer who founded the CANADA CO. It was a centre of Scottish settlement in Upper Canada. The first macadamized road in Upper Canada linked it to Hamilton in 1837.

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Sanikiluaq

Sanikiluaq, Nunavut, incorporated as a hamlet in 1976, population 812 (2011c), 744 (2006c).

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Fort Liard

Fort Liard, NWT, incorporated as a hamlet in 1987, population 536 (2011c), 583 (2006c). The Hamlet of Fort Liard is located on the south bank of the Liard River, 544 km by air southwest of Yellowknife and about 25 km north of the BC border.

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Fort Vermilion

Fort Vermilion, Alta, Unincorporated Place, population 727 (2011c), 714 (2006c). Fort Vermilion is located about 70 km east of HIGH LEVEL and is one of the communities of Mackenzie County. The name Fort Vermilion refers to the red ochre found in the area.

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Elora

Elora, Ont, Unincorporated Place. Elora is a picturesque community located about 25 km northeast of Guelph at the junction of the Grand and Irvine rivers.

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Devon

Devon, Alta, incorporated as a village in 1949 and as a town in 1950, population 6510 (2011c), 6256 (2006c). The Town of Devon is located about 30 km southwest of Edmonton, high on the banks of the North Saskatchewan River.

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Fort Steele

From 1892 to the present, mining (gold, lead, zinc and silver) has been an important part of the economic development of the immediate region. The construction of the BC Southern Railway to Cranbrook in 1898 sealed the fate of Fort Steele, which quickly faded.

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Chéticamp

Chéticamp, NS, Unincorporated Place. Chéticamp is located on the Gulf of St Lawrence, 48 km northeast of Inverness.

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Charlo

Charlo, NB, incorporated as a village in 1966, population 1324 (2011c), 1386 (2006c). The Village of Charlo is located eight kilometres southeast of Dalhousie on CHALEUR BAY, in the civil parish of Colborne.

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Cardigan

Cardigan, PEI, incorporated as a village in 1954 and as a community in 1983, population 332 (2011c), 374 (2006c). The Community of Cardigan is situated 54 km northeast of CHARLOTTETOWN. A fishing and farming community and the

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Cambridge Bay

Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, incorporated as a hamlet in 1984, population 1608 (2011c), 1477 (2006c). The Hamlet of Cambridge Bay is located on the southeast coast of VICTORIA ISLAND.

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Igloolik

Igloolik, Nunavut, incorporated as a hamlet in 1976, population 1454 (2011c), 1538 (2006c). The Hamlet of Igloolik is located on an island of the same name at the eastern entrance to FURY AND HECLA STRAIT, off the coast of the MELVILLE PENINSULA.

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Borden-Carleton

Borden-Carleton, PEI, incorporated as a community in 1983, population 750 (2011c), 786 (2006c). The Community of Borden-Carleton was created in 1995 with the amalgamation of the town of Borden (incorporated in 1919) and the

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Alert Bay

Alert Bay, BC, incorporated as a village in 1946, population 445 (2011c), 456 (2006c). The Village of Alert Bay is located on Cormorant Island, off Vancouver Island, 288 km north of Vancouver.

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Campobello Island

Campobello Island abuts the border with the US in PASSAMAQUODDY BAY , on the south coast of New Brunswick. Sovereignty over the ruggedly picturesque island was early in dispute, but passed to NB by convention in 1817. The

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Tagish (Yukon)

The name Tagish apparently comes from "Ta-Gish-Ai", a word for "fish trap" and the name of the local First Nations band.

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Clyde River

Clyde River, Nunavut, incorporated as a hamlet in 1978, population 934 (2011c), 820 (2006c). The Hamlet of Clyde River is located on the west shore of Patricia Bay on the east coast of BAFFIN ISLAND, 750 km north of IQALUIT.

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Atlin

Atlin, BC, Unincorporated Place, elevation 671 m. Atlin is a small community of about 400 residents situated on Atlin Lake in the lake district of the northwest corner of the province, 182 kilometres southeast of Whitehorse, Yukon.

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Baldoon

Sheriff Alexander C. Macdonell, Selkirk's agent, struggled for years at considerable expense to the earl to make a success of the venture, but found the swampy land and the difficulty of sheep farming to be serious obstacles.

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Kamouraska (Qué)

In 1849 the first superior court outside Québec City was established here. Incorporated as a village in 1858, Kamouraska was an important tourist area in the 19th and early 20th centuries. People came to admire the countryside, breathe the salt air and bathe in the sea.