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Article

Gagetown

Gagetown, NB, incorporated as a village in 1966, population 698 (2011c), 719 (2006c). The Village of Gagetown is situated on Gagetown Creek, adjacent to the SAINT JOHN RIVER and opposite the mouth of the Jemseg River.

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Airdrie

Airdrie, AB, incorporated as a city in 1985, population 61,581 (2016 census), 42,564 (2011 census).

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Lacombe

Lacombe, Alta, incorporated as a town in 1902 and as a city in 2010, population 11 707 (2011c), 10 752 (2006c). The City of Lacombe, the county seat for the County of Lacombe, is situated in rolling parkland some 118 km south of Edmonton.

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Melville

The community's growth beyond that of others in the area came as a result of its designation as a divisional point by the railway. The importance of the railway has since been balanced somewhat by the city's role as a service centre for the poultry, livestock and grain farmers in the area.

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Nelson

Nelson, BC, incorporated as a city in 1897, population 10 230 (2011c), 9258 (2006c). The City of Nelson, named after Hugh Nelson, lieutenant-governor of BC, overlooks the west arm of KOOTENAY LAKE. The prehistoric boundary of the INTERIOR SALISH and the KOOTENAY is nearby.

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Prescott

Prescott, Ont, incorporated as a town in 1834, population 4284 (2011c), 4180 (2006c). The Town of Prescott is located 18 kilometres east of Brockville on the ST LAWRENCE RIVER.

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Kincardine

Kincardine, Ont, incorporated as a municipality in 1999, population 11 174 (2011c), 11 173 (2006c). The Municipality of Kincardine is located along the shore of Lake Huron, about 225 km northwest of Toronto and 80 km southwest of Owen Sound.

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Lower Canada

Lower Canada was a British colony from 1791 to 1840. Its geographical boundaries comprised the southern portion of present-day Quebec. In 1791, Britain divided the Province of Quebec into Upper Canada and Lower Canada. (See: Constitutional Act 1791.) Britain had followed a similar policy of territorial division twice before. Prince Edward Island was detached from Nova Scotia in 1769. The provinces of Cape Breton and New Brunswick were created in 1784 in response to the wave of Loyalist immigration (which also occurred in Quebec). In 1841, Upper Canada and Lower Canada were renamed Canada West and Canada East, respectively. They were united as the single colony of the Province of Canada.

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Morinville

Morinville, Alta, incorporated as a village in 1901 and as a town in 1911, population 8569 (2011c), 6775 (2006c). The Town of Morinville is located on the Canadian National Railway main line, 41 km northwest of Edmonton.

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Haines Junction

This part of the Yukon is home to the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations and the site of the village -- called Dakwakada or "high cache" -- was used as a stopping place along a trade route. Today Haines Junction is their administrative centre.

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L'Île-Perrot

First set up as the parish municipality of Sainte-Jeanne-Chantal-de-l'Isle-Perrot in 1855, the name was changed to L'Île-Perrot in 1946.

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Cowansville

Cowansville was an agricultural, textile and furniture-making centre until 1940, when it underwent industrial diversification. Situated about 20 km from the US border and 85 km southeast of MONTRÉAL, it has attracted several large companies based in the northern United States and Ontario.

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Outremont

Outremont, one of the smallest cities in terms of area of the MONTRÉAL Urban Community (MUC), is one of the most affluent, beautiful and picturesque residential communities on the island.

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Ste-Marie

Ste-Marie, Qué, Town, pop 11 320 (2001c), 10 966 (1996c), 10 513 (1991cA), 9536 (1986c), area 107.20 km2, inc 1855, is located on the Rivière CHAUDIÈRE. Situated on lowlands suitable for agriculture, it was built on part of the seigneury given in 1736 to Thomas-Jacques Taschereau.

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Winkler

Winkler, Manitoba, incorporated as a city in 2002, population 10 670 (2011c), 9106 (2006c). The City of Winkler is located in the Pembina Valley region, 115 km southwest of Winnipeg and 22 km north of the US international boundary.

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Senneterre

Senneterre, Qué, Town, pop 2993 (2006c), 3275 (2001c), inc 1956. Senneterre is located 130 km east of ROUYN-NORANDA along the banks of the Rivière Bell in Québec's Abitibi-Témiscamingue region. It was

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Sillery

Sillery was the first reserve created by Europeans for Aboriginal peoples in what is now Canada. It was established in 1637 near Québec City. It was funded by a French nobleman, Noël Brûlart de Sillery, in response to an advertisement placed by Father Paul Le Jeune in the Jesuit Relations.

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Cap-de-la-Madeleine

Industrialization brought major residential construction. A second development phase began in 1938 with the opening of International Foils Ltd (Reynolds), which still operates.

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Flamborough

Flamborough, Ont, urban community within the city of Hamilton. Flamborough was a town from 1985-2001, when it was then merged into the new city of HAMILTON.

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Jasper

Jasper, Alta, incorporated as a specialized municipality in 2001, population 4051 (2011c), 4265 (2006c). The Municipality of Jasper is located at the junction of the Miette and Athabasca rivers in JASPER NATIONAL PARK, 362 km west of Edmonton.