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Medicine Hat

Medicine Hat, Alberta, incorporated as a city in 1906, population 63,271 (2021 census), 63,260 (2016 census). The city of Medicine Hat is one of Alberta's largest cities. It is located on the Canadian Pacific Railway main line and the Trans-Canada Highway in the southeastern corner of the province, bisected by the South Saskatchewan River. Canada's “sunniest” city, Medicine Hat averages 330 days of sunshine per year. A council of eight councillors and a mayor govern the city.

Article

Gatineau

Gatineau, Quebec, incorporated as a city in 2002, population 291,041 (2021 census), 276,245 (2016 census). Gatineau was formed in 2002 following the amalgamation of the municipalities of Aylmer, Buckingham, Gatineau, Hull and Masson-Angers. The city is part of Canada’s National Capital Region. Gatineau’s city council consists of a mayor and 18 councillors elected by district.

Editorial

Vancouver Feature: Buddha Smiles on Vancouver Punk Scene

The following article is a feature from our Vancouver Feature series. Past features are not updated.


While Expo 86 was revolutionizing Vancouver’s image to a world-class centre for tourism and upscale development, a very different revolution was happening in its counter-culture. In the 1980s, Vancouver was an international centre for punk music, with the Smiling Buddha Cabaret at its pulsing heart.

Editorial

Vancouver Feature: Doors Open into an Exotic Cave

The following article is a feature from our Vancouver Feature series. Past features are not updated.


To find sophisticated entertainment in old Vancouver you had to go underground, into a grotto where stalactites hung from the ceiling and pirate’s gold shimmered in darkly lit corners. The Cave Supper Club hosted the world’s most famous entertainers and beautiful showgirls for 44 years. It was the rare place in subdued Vancouver to go out on a weekend evening for some risqué entertainment and exotic drinks.

Editorial

Vancouver Feature: Marine Building Opens Amid Wall St. Woes

The following article is a feature from our Vancouver Feature series. Past features are not updated.


Vancouver had never seen anything like it, a skyscraping wedding cake animated with flying geese, swimming fish and hovering zeppelins. The Marine Building was — and still is — a masterpiece of Art Deco architecture, but it was a financial disaster from the day it swung open its magnificent gilded doors.

Editorial

Vancouver Feature: Little Tramp Graces the Orpheum Stage

The following article is a feature from our Vancouver Feature series. Past features are not updated.


When a troupe of English Music Hall entertainers swept through Vancouver in 1911, the star was an acrobatic little comedian who would soon become one of the most famous people in the world: Charlie Chaplin. Another player would carve his own niche in entertainment history, too. Arthur Stanley Jefferson became a beloved star after he changed his name to Stan Laurel and teamed up on film with Oliver Hardy.

Article

The St Lawrence Seaway

The following article is an editorial written by The Canadian Encyclopedia staff. Editorials are not usually updated.

When the first sod was turned near Cornwall, Ont., August 10, 1954, it was not so much the beginning of the great ​St Lawrence Seaway as a continuation of centuries of dreams.